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Achagua Language (Achawa, Xagua)

Language: Achagua is an Arawakan language of South America, spoken by about 300 people in eastern Colombia. It is closely related to the better-known Piapoco language. Achagua is a polysynthetic language with complex verbs and predominantly SVO word order.

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Names: Achagua is a native name used by the people. The Achaguas say it comes from their word for "advisor" or "wise person." Other spellings of this name include Achawa, Ajagua, Xagua, Axagua, Achugua, and Ajaga. Barria, Abani, and Quirruba were the names of historical Amerindian bands of Colombia which are sometimes considered to have been subtribes of the Achagua or speakers of the same language. None of those three bands exist as distinct entities anymore, having either merged with other Achagua speakers or been absorbed into the neighboring Guahibo tribe.

Our Online Achagua Materials

Achagua Vocabulary:
    Our list of vocabulary words in the Achagua language, with comparison to words in other Arawakan languages.
Achagua Pronunciation Guide:
    How to pronounce Achagua words.
Achagua Animal Words:
    Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Achagua language.
Achagua Colors:
    Worksheet showing color words in the Achagua language.
Achagua Body Parts:
    Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Achagua language.
Achagua Numbers:
    Worksheet showing how to count in the Achagua language.
Achagua Food:
    Worksheet with pictures of food words in the Achagua language.

Achagua Language Resources

Achagua Linguistic Description * Achagua Orthography * Achagua Phonology * Achagua Grammar * Achagua Map:
    Achagua Bibliography:
    Scanned-in Achagua language materials from the Rosetta Project.
Achawa:
    Achagua language information. Page in Spanish.
House of Languages: Achagua
     Information about Achagua language usage.
Ethnologue: Achagua:
    Demographic information on the Achagua language.
Wikipedia: Achagua:
    Encyclopedia entry on the Achagua language.
Achugua Language Tree:
    Theories about Achagua's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Achagua Language Structures:
    Achagua linguistic profile and academic bibliography.

Books for sale on the Achaguas

Diccionario achagua-español:
    Achagua dictionary for sale online (book in Spanish.)
Gramática Achagua:
    Achagua grammar for sale online (book in Spanish.)
Native American Books:
    Evolving list of books about Native Americans in general.

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Achagua Culture and History

Achagua Indian Legends:
    Collection of myths and legends of the Achagua Indians.

Links, References, and Additional Information

  Britannica: Achagua Indians:
  Encyclopedia article about the Achagua tribe of Colombia.
  Los Achagua * Los indios achagua * Pueblo Achagua * El pueblo Achagua teme por su futuro:
   Achagua de Colombia * Los Achaguas, la gente del río:
  Information about the Achagua tribe in Spanish.
  Achagua:
  Achagua links.



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