Achuar-Shiwiar Indian Language (Ashuar, Maina, Mayna)
Language: The Achuar-Shiwiar-Maina language is a Jivaroan
language of South America, closely related to Shuar.
Like other Jivaroan languages, Achuar is an agglutinative language with SOV word order.
It is spoken by 5000 people in the Achuar and Shiwiar tribes of Peru and Ecuador today.
Names:Achuar, Shiwiar, and Maina are the indigenous names
of three subgroups who speak the same language. ("Achuar" is a shortening of an indigenous name meaning "palm tree people.")
Aints, which means "people" in their language, is sometimes
used to refer to all three groups, while Achuár chícham (or Achiar chicham) refers specifically to the language.
Other spellings of these names include Achuar-Shiwiar, Achuar-Shiviar, Achuár, Ashuar, Achual, Achuale, Achuare,
Achuara, Atchuara, Shiwiár, Shiviar, Shiwiar-Maina, Shiwiar Chicham, Máin, Mayna, Mayno, and Áints. As with other Jivaroan tribes,
the Achuar language and people are also sometimes called by the general term Jivaro.