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Achuar-Shiwiar Indian Language (Ashuar, Maina, Mayna)

Language: The Achuar-Shiwiar-Maina language is a Jivaroan language of South America, closely related to Shuar. Like other Jivaroan languages, Achuar is an agglutinative language with SOV word order. It is spoken by 7000 people in the Achuar and Shiwiar tribes of Peru and Ecuador today.

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Names: Achuar, Shiwiar, and Maina are the indigenous names of three subgroups who speak the same language. ("Achuar" is a shortening of an indigenous name meaning "palm tree people.") Aints, which means "people" in their language, is sometimes used to refer to all three groups, while Achuár chícham (or Achiar chicham) refers specifically to the language. Other spellings of these names include Achuar-Shiwiar, Achuar-Shiviar, Achuár, Ashuar, Achual, Achuale, Achuare, Achuara, Atchuara, Shiwiár, Shiviar, Shiwiar-Maina, Shiwiar Chicham, Máin, Mayna, Mayno, Áints, and Aents. As with other Jivaroan tribes, the Achuar language and people are also sometimes called by the general term Jivaro.

Achuar Language
Achuar language samples and resources.

Achuar People Culture and History
Information and links about the Achuar tribe past and present.

Achuar Language Resources

Our Online Achuar Materials

Achuar Words:
    Our list of vocabulary words in the Achuar language, with comparison to words in other Jivaroan languages.
Achuar Pronunciation:
    How to pronounce Achuar Indian words.
Achuar Bird and Animal Words:
    Illustrated glossary of birds and animals in the Achuar-Shiwiar language.
Achuar Indian Colors:
    Worksheet showing color words in the Achuar language.
Achuar Body Parts:
    Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in Achuar.
Achuar Numbers:
    Worksheet showing how to count in the Achuar language.
Achuar Food:
    Worksheet with pictures of food words in the Achuar language.

Achuar Dictionaries and Language Books for Sale
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Introducción al Idioma Achuar:
    Achuar language learning book in Spanish.
Diccionario Achuar-Shiwiar:
    Achuar-Spanish dictionary.
The Amazonian Languages:
    In-depth linguistics book about Achuar and dozens of other Amazon Indian languages.

Achuar Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

Peru Linguistic Map * Tribes and Languages of Peru:
    Maps showing the areas in South America where Achuar and Shiwiar are spoken.
    Profile of the Achuar language including a phonological inventory, orthography and a text.
The Achuar Language:
    Audio clips of Achuar people speaking their language.
Kapawi language and symbols:
    Achuar wordlist.
Achuar-Shiwiar Phonology:
    Linguistic chart of phonemes in the Achuar language.
Ecuador Achuar Dictionary:
    Online list of Achuar Indian words and phrases.
House of Languages: Achuar
    Information about Achuar language usage.

Literature and Texts in the Achuar-Shiwiar Language

Relatos Achuar:
    Collection of Achuar folktales and traditional stories with Spanish translation.
UDHR: Achuar-Shiwiar: * UDHR: Achuar Chicham:
    Translations of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights into the Achuar-Shiviar language.
The Tower of Babel: Achuar: * The Bible in Achuar-Shiwiar: * Achuar New Testament: * Achuar Words of Life:
    Translation of Biblical passages into the Achuar-Shiwiar language.

Achuar-Shiwiar Linguistics Research

Jívaro Language Tree:
    Theories about Shuar and Achuar language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Achuar Language Structures:
    Achuar linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Achuar-Shiwiar Papers:
    Archive of linguistics papers on Achuar, in English and Spanish.

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Additional Resources, Links, and References

  Endangered Languages Project: Achuar:
  Bibliography of Achuar language resources.
  OLAC: Achuar-Shiwiar:
  Reference list of Achuar language materials.
  Wikipedia: Achuar Shiwiar:
  Encyclopedia articles on the Achuar language.
  La Lengua Jibaro * Lengua Achuar * El Idioma Achuar:
  Information about the Achuar-Shiviar language in Spanish.
  Languages of Ecuador: * Languages of Peru:
  Information about the indigenous languages of Ecuador and Peru.
  Achuar language links.

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