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Aleut Culture and History (Unangan)

As a complement to our Aleut language information, here is our collection of indexed links about the Aleut tribe and their society.

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Please note that Aleuts and other indigenous Americans are living people with a present and a future as well as a past. Aleut history is interesting and important, but the Aleuts are still here today, too, and we try to feature modern writers as well as traditional folklore, contemporary art as well as early museum pieces, and issues and struggles of today as well as the tragedies of yesterday. Suggestions for new links are always welcome.

Our Aleut Websites

Aleut Language:
    Translations and language learning materials from the Aleut language (Unangam Tunuu.)
Aleut Facts for Kids:
    Questions and answers about Aleut culture.
Aleut Stories:
    Collection of Aleut legends and folktales.
Copper Island Aleut:
    Information about the mixed Russian-Aleut creole once spoken in the Commander Islands.
Alaska Native Culture:
    Information, addresses and links for the Aleut and other tribes of Alaska.

Aleut Tribal and Community Websites

Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association * Aleut Community of St. Paul Island:
    Tribal governments of the Aleut Native villages.
The Aleut Corporation:
    Homepage of the Alaska Native Regional Corporation that manages services to the Aleuts.
The Aleut Foundation:
    Nonprofit organization supporting Aleut educational and cultural programs.
Alaska Native Heritage Center:
    Organization promoting Aleut and other indigenous Alaskan culture and arts.
Chugach Heritage Foundation:
    Alaska state nonprofit organization working to promote Aleut, Yup'ik, and Alutiiq Native culture.

Books For Sale On The Aleuts
Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links

Aleut Tales and Narratives:
    Excellent bilingual collection of traditional Aleut stories and oral history.
Ethnology of the Aleuts * Ancient Peoples and Places: The Eskimos and Aleuts * Aleuts, Survivors of the Bering Land Bridge:
    History and anthropology of the Inuit and Aleut people and their ancestors.
Aleut Identities: Tradition and Modernity in an Indigenous Fishery:
    Interesting book on Aleut life and culture today.
Aleut Art: * Aleut and Eskimo Art:
    Books on Inuit and Aleut art.
The Aleut Internments of World War II * Aleutian Sparrow * When the Wind Was a River:
    Interesting books about the displacement of the Aleut people during World War II.
The Great Eagle Spirit:
    Children's fiction book about an Aleut boy who learns the meaning of his heritage.
Aleut Dictionary * Aleut Grammar: * Comparative Eskimo Dictionary with Aleut Cognates:
    Aleut language books for sale online.
Baidarka: The Kayak * The Aleutian Kayak:
    Two books about Aleut boats.

Maps of Aleut Lands

Indigenous Peoples and Languages of Alaska:
    Map showing the regions in Alaska where the Unangax and other Native tribes live.
Islands of the Aleut:
    Map showing the location of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska and the Commander Islands of Russia.
*Population Distribution Maps: Arctic Peoples:
    Map showing the location of native Arctic cultures in North America, Europe and Asia.

Aleut Lifestyle and Tradition

Unangan/Aleut Tribe
    Historical and cultural overview of the Aleuts.
Red Book: The Aleuts:
    Ethnography of the Aleut tribes in Russia and America.
Aleut/Eskimo Paddle Making:
    Website about traditional Aleut and Inuit wooden kayak paddles.
Tattooing and Piercing Among the Alaskan Aleut:
    Tattoo traditions of the Yupik and Aleut people, with pictures.
Ancient Alaskan Labrets:
    Article about traditional Inuit and Aleut labret jewelry.
Aleut Ethnobotany:
    Information on the traditional uses of plants in the Aleut tribe.
Wild Salmon Day Festival: * Anchorage Unangax Dancers:
    Photographs and a video of Aleut dancers performing at Native Alaskan cultural events.
All-Weather Fashion From The Aleuts * The Aleut Gut Parka * Unangan Hunting Hat:
    Pictures and descriptions of traditional Aleut clothing.
Aleut Religion and Expressive Culture:
    Information about Aleut religious beliefs, ceremonies, and traditional medicine.
*Eskimo Mythology:
    Online text of an early 20th-century book about Inuit, Aleut, and Yup'ik religion.
Aleut Gender Roles:
    Aleut marriage and childbearing traditions.
Native Heritage: Aleut and Alutiiq:
    Information about Aleut and Alutiiq traditional lifestyle.
Unangan Cultural Objects:
    Museum exhibit with photos of Aleut tools, weapons, and other artifacts.
Flag of the Eastern Aleutian Tribes:
    Photograph of an Aleut tribal flag.
Barabara Homes * Baidarka Kayaks * Kamleika Parkas:
    Definitions of Aleut cultural terms.

Aleut Art and Literature

Alaska Carving Arts:
    Inuit and Aleut carvings of ivory, bone and wood for sale from a Native Alaskan arts organization.
Aleut Basketry * Atta Baskets:
    Information and photographs about traditional Aleut basket weaving.
First Nations Art:
    Information, photographs and links about Aleut and other native artwork.
The Atka Dancers:
    Recordings of traditional Unangax songs and dance.

Aleut History and Archaeology

American Concentration Camps: Unangax̂ Loss and Resurrection :
    Photoessay about the forced relocation of Aleut communities during World War II.
Aleut Native Americans:
    History of the Aleut people.
The Russian Invasion of the Aleutian Islands * Russians Enslave the Unangan People * Alaskan Massacre:
    The Unangan, the Sugpiaq, and Russian Conquest: * Russian Interactions with Alaska Natives:
    Articles about the hardships Aleut people suffered at the hands of Russian colonists in the 1700's.
The Unangan, the Sugpiaq, and Russian Conquest:
    History of the near-destruction of the Alutiiq people by Russian fur-traders.
Saint Peter the Aleut * Is the St. Peter the Aleut story true? * Martyr Peter the Aleut:
    Websites about the Orthodox saint Peter the Aleut (he was actually an Alutiiq, but of spiritual
    significance to all Russian Orthodox Alaska Natives)
Archaeological Research in the Aleut Region of Alaska * Continuity and Change in the Eastern Aleutian:
    Archaeology papers about the Aleut civilization.
Aleutian Mummies * Alaskan Mummies:
    The tradition of mummification and cave burial among the ancient tribes of the Aleutian Islands.

Aleut Politics, Issues, and News

Atkan Culture Camp seeks to revive traditions * St. Paul Aleut Independence Day:
    Articles about the struggle of displaced Aleut communities to preserve their culture.
World War II Occupation of US Soil Remembered * Only Unangax̂/Aleut KIA in WWII Gets Honors:
    News stories about the memorial site where an Aleut World War II veteran is buried.
Bill protecting Aleutian Native cemetery advances:
    Article about Unangax efforts to protect the graves of internment camp victims.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

  Wikipedia: Aleut * Britannica: Aleut People * Aleut: * The Aleuts of Russia:
  Encyclopedia articles about the Aleuts.
  Aleuts: * Aleuti:
  Information about the Aleut people in Russian.
  Los Aleutianos: Pueblo Aleutiano:
  Information about the Aleut nation in Spanish.
  Aleut Indians * Aleutians: * Aleut Resources:
  Native Aleut links.

Go back to our Aleut language page
Go back to the list of Indian tribes
Go back to the Arctic people of Canada and Alaska

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