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Alutiiq (Sugpiaq, Koniag, Chugach Eskimo)

Language: Alutiiq is an Eskimo-Aleut language spoken on Kodiak Island and parts of the Alaskan peninsula. Alutiiq is very closely related to the Yu'pik language, and is considered by many linguists to be a dialect of that language. Though the name "Alutiiq" comes from the same source as "Aleut", their language is significantly different from the Aleut language of the Aleutian Islands to the south of them, and the Alutiiq people consider themselves culturally distinct from both the Aleuts and the Yupiks. Fewer than 500 people still speak the Alutiiq language today. Alutiiq is a highly polysynthetic agglutinative language, using long words with many suffixes. It has predominantly SOV word order.

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Names: In their own language, the Alutiiq call themselves Sugpiaq, which means "true people," and they call their language Sugcestun. Alutiiq is a hybrid name, combining a Russian word for islander, Alut, with the Native suffix -iiq. The word Eskimo, although disliked by some Alaska Natives, is used by many Alutiiq to refer to themselves along with their Yupik and Aleut neighbors; the Alutiiq in particular are sometimes called Chugach Eskimos, Kodiak Eskimos, or Pacific Eskimos. They have also sometimes been known as Pacific Yup'ik or Pacific Gulf Yup'ik, due to their cultural and linguistic similarity to the Yup'ik people. Alternate spellings of these names include Sugpiak, Supik, Suk; Sugs'tun, Sugstun, Sugt'stun, Sugtestun; and Alutiik. Sugpiat and Alutiit are plural forms of Sugpiaq and Alutiiq, respectively. Chugach and Koniag (Kodiak) are the names of major islands within traditional Alutiiq territory, and the two dialects of the Alutiiq language are known as Chugach Alutiiq and Koniag Alutiiq.



Alutiiq Language
Alutiiq language samples and resources.

Alutiiq Culture and History
Information and links about the Alutiiq tribe past and present.

Alutiiq Indians Fact Sheet
Our answers to common questions about the lifestyle of Alutiiq Indian people.

Alutiiq Legends
Introduction to Alutiiq mythology.


Alutiiq Language Resources

Our Online Alutiiq Materials

Alutiiq Vocabulary
     List of vocabulary words in the Alutiiq language.
Alutiiq Animal Words:
     Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Alutiiq language.

Alutiiq Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources

A Conversational Dictionary of Kodiak Alutiiq
     Alutiiq dictionary for sale.
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary
     Linguistic book on Alutiiq and the other Eskimo-Aleut languages.

Alutiiq Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

Learn the Alutiiq Language
     Website of Alutiiq resources including video clips, flashcards, and stories for children.
Alaska Native Language Center: Alutiiq/Sugpiaq:
    Information and references related to the Sugpiaq language (Sugcestun.)
Alaskan Orthodox Texts:
    Orthodox Christian prayers and religious passages in Tlingit, Aleut, Alutiiq, and Central Yup'ik.
Alutiiq/Sugpiaq:
     Demographic information about Alutiiq from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Alutiiq Language Tree:
    Theories about Alutiiq language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
House of Languages: Alutiiq
     Information about Alutiiq language usage.
Alutiiq Language Structures:
    Alutiiq linguistic profiles and academic bibliographies.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

Wikipedia: Alutiiq:
Encyclopedia articles on the Alutiiq language.
Yupik y Sugpiak:
Information on the Alutiiq language in Spanish.
Alutiiq Tribe:
Alutiiq Indian books.



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