Native American language
Native American culture
What's new on our site today!
Amuzgo Language (Nomndaa, Tza˝cue)
Language: Amuzgo is an Oto-Manguean language of Mexico,
most closely related to Mixtecan. There are three distinct varieties of the language:
Guerrero Amuzgo (with two subdialects,
Northern Amuzgo and Southern Amuzgo);
(also known as Lower Eastern Amuzgo or Santa Maria Amuzgo), and
Oaxaca Amuzgo (also known as Upper Eastern Amuzgo
or San Pedro Amuzgo.)
Some linguists consider all of these to be dialects of a single Amuzgo language, while others consider them separate languages
within an Amuzgoan language subfamily. The three Amuzgo varieties are spoken by a combined 28,000 people today.
They are tone languages
with fairly fusional morphology,
and they have primarily VSO word order.
Thanks for your interest in indigenous American languages!
Names: The name Amuzgo comes from a placename in the Nahuatl (Aztec) language, Amoxco,
meaning "moss place" or "water-weed place." (Some Amuzgo people believe it came from the Aztec word amoxtli
instead, which means "book.") Although this name came from a different language, it is still often used by Amuzgo
people, particularly since different Amuzgo communities use different names to refer to themselves. In Guerrero, most Amuzgos
use a variant on the name Đancue, which means "in-between people." In Oaxaca, the Alto Amuzgo call themselves
Tzjon Non, which means "textile people" or "weavers," while many Bajo Amuzgos call themselves by the native
placename Tzo'tyio, which means "shrimp river." Many speakers call their own language Đomndaa or J˝unda,
which means "water language." Alternate spellings and dialectical variations of these names include Amusgo, Amishgo, Amucho,
Amochco, Azmugo; Đ'anncue, Tza˝cue, Tsa˝cue , Na˝cue; Tzhonoa, Tzo˝'an; Đomnda, Nomndaa, J˝unda, Non'ndaa, and Nom'dana.
The Amuzgos are sometimes also known as Đuu˝ama, which is their name in the language of their Mixtec kinfolk.
Amuzgo language samples and resources.
Amuzgo Culture and History
Information and links about the Amuzgo tribe past and present.
Our Online Amuzgo Materials
Our list of vocabulary words in the Guerrero and Oaxaca Amuzgo dialects, with comparison to words in other Oto-Manguean languages.
Amuzgo Pronunciation Guide:
How to pronounce Amuzgo words.
Amuzgo Animal Words:
Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Amuzgo language.
Amuzgo Body Parts:
Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Amuzgo language.
Worksheet showing color words in the Amuzgo language.
Worksheet showing how to count in the Amuzgo language.
Worksheet with pictures of food words in the Amuzgo language.
Amuzgo Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
Amuzgo-Spanish dictionary for sale online.
The Mesoamerican Indian Languages
Linguistics text about Amuzgo and dozens of other Indian languages of Mexico.
Amuzgo Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions
Overview of Amuzgo from the Summer Institute of Linguistics.
Information on the Amuzgo language, including a linguistic map of Mexico. Page in Spanish.
Lord's Prayer in Oaxaca Amuzgo:
Christian prayers translated into Amuzgo.
The New Testament in Amuzgo Genesis in Amuzgo Language Museum: Amuzgo de Oaxaca:
Language Museum: Amuzgo de Guerrero:
Bible passages in the Amuzgo language.
Four stories in the Guerrero Amuzgo language.
Himno Nacional en Amuzgo:
The national anthem of Mexico in the Amuzgo language.
Bible Verses in Mexican Languages: Amuzgo de San Pedro:
Amuzgo translation of several Biblical passages.
Guerrero Amuzgo Ipalapa Amuzgo San Pedro Amuzgos:
Demographic information about the Amuzgo languages from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Archive of Amuzgo language recordings available for download.
Guerrero Amuzgo Language Tree Ipalapa Amuzgo Language Tree Oaxaca Amuzgo Language Tree:
Theories about Amuzgo's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Amuzgo Language Structures:
Amuzgo linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Amuzgo del Norte Amuzgo del Sur Amuzgo Bajo del Este Amuzgo Alto del Este:
Profiles of Amuzgo language dialects.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Amuzgo Language Wikipedia: Amuzgo:
Encyclopedia articles on the Amuzgo language.
Idioma Nomda'na Idioma Amuzgo:
Information about the Amuzgo language in Spanish.
Books about the Amuzgo people.
Native Languages of the Americas website ę 1998-2015 Contacts and FAQ page
Back to the list of American Indian tribes
Back to the Indian tribes of Mexico
Back to our Native American websites for kids
Would you like to sponsor our work on the Đomndaa/Amuzgo language?