Language: Amuzgo is an Oto-Manguean language of Mexico,
most closely related to Mixtecan. There are three distinct varieties of the language:Guerrero Amuzgo (with two subdialects,
Northern Amuzgo and Southern Amuzgo);
(also known as Lower Eastern Amuzgo or Santa Maria Amuzgo), and
Oaxaca Amuzgo (also known as Upper Eastern Amuzgo
or San Pedro Amuzgo.)
Some linguists consider all of these to be dialects of a single Amuzgo language, while others consider them separate languages
within an Amuzgoan language subfamily. The three Amuzgo varieties are spoken by a combined 28,000 people today.
They are tone languages
with fairly fusional morphology,
and they have primarily VSO word order.
Thanks for your interest in indigenous American languages!
Names: The name Amuzgo comes from a placename in the Nahuatl (Aztec) language, Amoxco,
meaning "moss place" or "water-weed place." (Some Amuzgo people believe it came from the Aztec word amoxtli
instead, which means "book.") Although this name came from a different language, it is still often used by Amuzgo
people, particularly since different Amuzgo communities use different names to refer to themselves. In Guerrero, most Amuzgos
use a variant on the name Đancue, which means "in-between people." In Oaxaca, the Alto Amuzgo call themselves
Tzjon Non, which means "textile people" or "weavers," while many Bajo Amuzgos call themselves by the native
placename Tzo'tyio, which means "shrimp river." Many speakers call their own language Đomndaa or J˝unda,
which means "water language." Alternate spellings and dialectical variations of these names include Amusgo, Amishgo, Amucho,
Amochco, Azmugo; Đ'anncue, Tza˝cue, Tsa˝cue , Na˝cue; Tzhonoa, Tzo˝'an; Đomnda, Nomndaa, J˝unda, Non'ndaa, and Nom'dana.
The Amuzgos are sometimes also known as Đuu˝ama, which is their name in the language of their Mixtec kinfolk.
Our list of vocabulary words in the Guerrero and Oaxaca Amuzgo dialects, with comparison to words in other Oto-Manguean languages.
Amuzgo Pronunciation Guide:
How to pronounce Amuzgo words.
Amuzgo Animal Words:
Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Amuzgo language.
Amuzgo Body Parts:
Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Amuzgo language.
Worksheet showing color words in the Amuzgo language.
Worksheet showing how to count in the Amuzgo language.
Amuzgo Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources