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Andoa Language (Shimigae, Gae, Gaye)
Language: Andoa was a Zaparoan language
once spoken along the border between Peru and Ecuador. The last fluent speakers died in the 1990's; however, some Andoa
elders still remember something of the language. Andoa is an
language with many suffixes and predominantly
SOV word order.
It is closely related to the Arabela language, and some
linguists consider them to be dialects of a single language.
Thanks for your interest in indigenous American languages!
Names: Originally the Andoa, Gae, and Shimigae were three distinct Zaparoan
bands, but under pressure from colonization, they have effectively merged together, and all three of these names are
still sometimes used to refer to them. Spelling variants of these names include Gaye, Gay, Shemigae, Semigae, Semigaye,
Simigae, Shimigaya, and Simikai. In older literature, the Gae tribe was sometimes called the "Siaviri" or "Slaviri"; the origins of this name are
obscure, but it was probably a place name. Sometimes the Andoa language is referred to as
Arabela-Andoa, considering its
close relationship with the Arabela language.
Our list of vocabulary words in the Andoa language, with comparison to words in other Zaparoan languages.
Andoa Pronunciation Guide:
How to pronounce Andoa words.
Andoa Animal Words:
Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Andoa language.
Andoa Language Resources
Linguistic chart of phonemes in the Andoa language.
Profile of the Andoa language including a phonological inventory, orthography and a text.
Andoa Language Archive:
Collection of audio recordings by native Andoa speakers.
La Lengua Arabela-Andoa:
Information on Andoa and Arabela including linguistic maps of South America and Peru. Page in Spanish.
House of Languages: Andoa
Information about Andoa language usage.
Encyclopedia article on the Andoa language.
Andoa Language Tree:
Theories about Andoa's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Archive of linguistics papers on Andoa, in English and Spanish.
Indigenous People of Ecuador:
Map showing where the Andoa people and their neighbors live.
An Evolving Tradition: Andoa Pottery of the Ecuadorian Amazon:
Antropology article about Andoa pottery arts.
Andoa people securing their territory by use of a simple GPS:
Article about technology use and indigenous rights in Ecuador.
Andoa Cultural Objects:
Museum exhibit with photographs of Andoa pottery and other artifacts.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Endangered Languages Project: Andoa:
Bibliography of Andoa language resources.
Reference list of Andoa language materials.
Los andoa Etnia andoa Idioma andoa-shimigae:
Information about the Andoas and their language in Spanish.
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