Native American languages * Native American tribe * Native American name

Andoke Indian Language (Andoque, Businka)

Language: Andoke is an indigenous language of southern Colombia, spoken by around 300 people. The Andoke were once a large and powerful tribe, with as many as 10,000 members throughout Peru and Colombia, but most of them were slaughtered during the rubber boom of the early 1900's and only around 600 Andoke descendents remain today. Andoke is a language isolate, unknown to be related to any other living language. It is a tone language and is agglutinating.

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Names: "Andoke" is a name given to them by the neighboring Witoto tribe-- in their own language, the people call themselves Paasiaja, meaning "people of the axe." They have sometimes been known by band names such as Businka and Cha'oie. Alternate spellings of these names include Andoque, Andoké, Poosioho, Paasi-ahá, Paatsiaja, Businque, and Cho'oje.

Andoke Language Resources

Andoque Linguistic Description: * Andoque Glossed Text:
    Digitized Andoque language materials from the Rosetta Project. Information in Spanish.
Andoke Phonology:
    Linguistic chart of phonemes in the Andoke language.
La Lengua Andoke:
    Andoke language information including linguistic maps of Colombia. Page in Spanish.
Andoke Language Tree:
    Theories about Andoke's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Andoque Language Structures:
    Andoke linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Wikipedia: Andoke:
    Encyclopedia entry on the Andoke language.
Andoque Words of Life:
    Bible passages translated into Andoque.
Andoke Papers:
    Archive of linguistics papers on Andoke, in English and Spanish.

Books for sale on the Andoke Indians
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La langue des Andoke:
    Grammar of the Andoke language. Book in French.
Fuñei Pusei:
    Translation of the New Testament into the Andoke language.
The Amazonian Languages:
    Linguistic information about the native languages of the Amazon, including Andoke.
The Indians of Central and South America:
    Ethnography of the Andoke and many other Latin American indigenous communities.

Andoke Culture and History

Languages of Southern Colombia:
    Map showing where in South America the Andoque language is spoken.
Indigenous People: The Andoque:
    Information about Andoque culture and tradition.
Death in the Devil’s Paradise:
    History of the South American rubber boom that nearly wiped out the Andoke tribe.

Links, References, and Additional Information

Endangered Languages Project: Andoque:
Bibliography of Andoke language resources.
OLAC: Andoque:
Reference list of Andoque language materials.
Andoque People:
Encyclopedia articles about the Andoque tribe.
Cultura Andoque: * Pueblo e Idioma Andoque:
Information about the Andoques in Spanish.



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