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Arapaho Culture and History

As a complement to our Arapaho language information, we would like to share our collection of indexed links about the Arapaho people and various aspects of their society.

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The emphasis of these pages is on American Indians as a living people with a present and a future as well as a past. Arapaho history is interesting and important, but the Arapaho are still here today, too, and we have tried to feature modern writers as well as traditional folklore, contemporary art as well as museum pieces, and the issues and struggles of today as well as the tragedies of yesterday. Suggestions for new links are always welcome.

Our Arapaho Websites

Arapaho Language:
    Online information and language learning materials from the Arapaho Indian language.
Arapaho Facts for Kids:
    Questions and answers about Arapaho culture.
Arapaho Stories:
    Collection of Arapaho Indian legends and folktales.

Arapaho Tribal and Community Links

Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma:
    Homepage of the Oklahoma Arapahos and Cheyennes.
Northern Arapaho Tribe:
    Homepage of the Northern Arapaho Nation of Wyoming.
Rocky Mountain Tribal Leaders Council:
    Coalition of ten Indian tribes in Montana and Wyoming, including the Northern Arapaho.
Norhtern Arapaho Business Council:
    Contact information and links for the Northern Arapahos.
Wind River Tribal College:
    Homepage of the community college of the Arapahoe and Shoshone tribes.
Wind River Casino:
    Homepage of the Northern Arapaho casino.
Concho Agency (Cheyenne-Arapaho) * Wind River Agency (Northern Arapaho):
    Administrative information about the Arapaho districts from the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Books for sale on the Arapaho Indians
Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links

Chief Left Hand:
    Excellent biography of the Southern Arapaho leader, including the full history of the Sand Creek massacre.
The Cheyenne and Arapaho Ordeal:
    Thorough history of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians.
Tell Me, Grandmother: Traditions, Stories, and Cultures of Arapaho People:
    History of the Arapaho tribe as told by a tribal author and her family members.
Arapaho Journeys:
    A wonderful photo-essay about Arapaho life on the Wind River Reservation.
One Hundred Years of Old Man Sage, an Arapaho Life:
    Biography and oral history from an Arapaho elder.
Wives and Husbands:
    An interesting book about Arapaho cultural perspectives on gender and age.
Traditions of the Arapaho * The Four Hills of Life * The Arapaho * The Arapahoes, Our People:
    Early Days Among the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians * History and Culture of the Arapaho:
    Several good books about Arapaho culture and traditions.
Arapaho Historical Traditions:
    Legends, oral histories, and folklore in the Arapaho language with English translations.
Arapaho Stories, Songs, and Prayers:
    Bilingual anthology of Arapaho literature and mythology.
Full Moon Stories:
    Thirteen legends retold by an Arapaho writer/illustrator.
The Sand Creek Massacre * Sand Creek * Massacre at Sand Creek * Song of Sorrow * From Sand Creek:
    Forgotten Heroes and Villains of Sand Creek * A Misplaced Massacre * Month of the Freezing Moon * Soldier Blue:
    Books, poems, and a movie about the massacre that happened at Sand Creek.
Arapaho Women's Quillwork:
    Beautiful book about traditional Arapaho quill art, with many photographs.
Little Raven, Chief of the Southern Arapaho:
    Interesting biography of a 19th-century Arapaho chief.
What You See in Clear Water:
    Compelling book about water rights and tribal struggles on the Wind River reservation.
Friday the Arapaho Boy:
    Children's book based on the true story of an Arapaho child's escape from a raid.
Cheyenne-Arapaho Education:
    History of public education among the Arapahoes and Cheyennes.
Arapahoe Politics * Tribal Sovereignty and the Historical Imagination: Cheyenne-Arapaho Politics:
    Arapaho and Cheyenne political history.
Arapaho Child Life and its Cultural Background:
    Anthropology text about how children were raised in the Arapaho tribe.
The Arapaho * Arapaho Indians of North America * Arapaho Native Americans:
    Children's books about the Arapaho Indians.
American Indian Books:
    Evolving list of books about Native Americans in general.

Maps of Arapaho Lands

Nebraska Indian Map * Kansas Indian Map:
    Tribal maps showing the original lands of the Arapaho Indians and their neighbors.
Map of Arapaho Areas:
    Map of reservation and treaty lands allotted to the Arapahos in the 1800's.

Arapaho Lifestyle and Tradition

Arapaho Culture:
    Arapaho creation myth, history, and cultural overview.
Arapaho:
    Arapaho Indian culture and history.
Arapaho Tribe:
    Article about Arapaho culture including kinship and religion.
The Arapaho Tribe * Curtis Library: The Arapaho:
    Arapaho ethnographies with historical photographs.
Arapaho Ethnobotany:
    Information on the traditional uses of plants in the Arapaho tribe.
Arapaho Nation Flag * Cheyenne and Arapaho Flag:
    Arapaho flags.
Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes License Plates:
    Oklahoma Arapaho license plate.
Arapaho Indian Costume * Native American Clothes * Feather Headdresses * Native Hairstyles:
    Drawings and photos of traditional Arapaho clothing and other Plains Indian dress.
Hoop and Pole Game:
    Traditional games for Arapaho children.
Houses of hte Arapaho Tribe:
    Traditional Arapaho housing types/
Arapaho Cultural Objects:
    Museum exhibit of Arapaho pictures and artifacts.

Arapaho Religion and Myth

Native American Spirituality:
    Advice for people researching traditional Arapaho religion and other American Indian spirituality.
Arapaho Sacred Rituals: Sun Dance * The Arapaho Sun Dance * Images of the Sun Dance:
    Information and pictures about the Arapaho Sundance ritual.
Arapaho Legends:
    Collection of Arapaho Indian legends and folktales.

Arapaho Art and Literature

Arapaho Authors:
    Arapaho writers, their lives and work.
Arapaho Songs:
    Musical notation and lyrics for several traditional Arapaho chants, with notes on Plains Indian vocal style..
Native American Art:
    Information, photographs and links about Arapaho and other native crafts.

Arapaho Politics, Issues, and News

Sand Creek Returned to Rightful Owners:
    Report on the return of the Sand Creek Massacre site to the Cheyenne and Arapaho people.
Arapaho Redefines 'Home School':
    Article about a Northern Arapaho youth attending high school in Colorado.
Court Affirms Arapaho Gaming Rights:
    Articles about Northern Arapaho casino plans.
Battle Over Sun Dance Heats Up * Sun Dance Conflict:
    Articles about a religious dispute over the holding of traditional Arapaho Sundances.
Northern Arapaho Tribe Welcomes First Buffalo Herd * Bison Transfer Expands:
    Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes Receive Bison Donation:
    Articles about the transfer of bison from national parks and forests to Arapaho tribal lands.
Preserving the Arapaho Language * Center for Native and Indigenous Studies: Arapaho Project:
    Articles about Arapaho language preservation efforts.
Where are the indigenous children who never came home?
    Article about the abuse of Arapaho and Lakota children forced to attend state boarding schools.

Arapaho History

Origin of the Arapaho People:
    The history of the Arapaho people, as told by Pius Moss, Tribal Elder.
Arapaho:
    Overview of Arapaho history.
Arapaho Tribe History: * Arapaho Indians: * Arapaho Indian Tribal Divisions:
    Early 20th-century articles about the Arapaho people.
The Arapaho Camp:
    History of the Arapaho in Colorado.
Genocide on the Great Plains * Sand Creek * Massacre at Sand Creek:
    The Sand Creek Massacre of 1864, when 150 peaceful Cheyennes and Arapahoes were murdered by US troops.
Chief Little Raven * Chief Left Hand: * Arapaho Chiefs and Leaders:
    Information and links about historical Arapaho chiefs.
Plains Indian History:
    History of the Arapaho, Cheyenne, and Lakota Indians at Fort Laramie.
Ghost Dance Songs: * Imaging and Imagining the Ghost Dance:
    1890's photo and audio recordings of Arapaho and Lakota Ghost Dance ceremonies.
Four Directions Institute: Arapaho Tribe:
    Profile and historical timeline of the Arapahos.

Arapaho Genealogy

Cheyenne/Arapaho Lands:
    Genealogical resource for Cheyenne and Arapaho Indian descendents, with documents like marriage licenses.
Native American Genealogy:
    Direction for those seeking Arapaho and other American Indian ancestors.

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Additional Resources, Links, and References

   Wikipedia: Arapaho: Britannica: Arapaho People: * Arapaho Indians: * Arapaho Tribe:
    Encyclopedia entries about the Arapaho tribe.
   Arapaho Resources * Arapaho Tribe * Arapaho * Cheyenne-Arapaho Indian Research:
    Arapaho links pages.
   Los Arapahoe * Arapahos ou Gens de Vache:
    Information about the Arapaho tribe in Spanish and French.



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