American Indian languages
Arara do Para Indian Language (Araras)
Language: Arara do Para is a Cariban language of South America,
spoken by 300 people in Brazil. Arara is an agglutinating language
with complex verb morphology. Its word order is usually VSO.
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Names: In their own language, the Arara call themselves Ukarãgmã (also spelled and other ways,) which means
"people of the red macaw." Arara is a Portuguese translation meaning "macaw," and Arara do Para
refers specifically to the people of the Pará region where the Ukarãgmã live. They have also sometimes been known as
Opinadkom (probably an early corruption of Ukaragma), Araras Bravos, Ajujure, and Pariri'. The Apingui and Apeiaca were subtribes
that probably spoke dialects of the same language, but have since been absorbed into the Araras;
Yarumá, which was also was very similar to Arara, may have been another
dialect or may have been distinct. Alternate spellings of these names include Arára, Arará, Ukarãngmã, Ukarammã, U-kara-ngmã, Wogarangma,
Opinadkóm, Apeiacá, Parirí, Yaruma, Arára Bravos, Arára Mansos, Arára-Pariri, Arara do Pará, and Arara of Para.
Arara do Para Language
Arara language samples and resources.
Arara do Para Culture and History
Information and links about the Arara do Para tribe past and present.
Our Arara Language Materials
Arara do Para Words:
Our list of vocabulary words in the Arara do Para language, with comparison to words in other Cariban languages.
Worksheet showing how to count in the Arara language.
Arara Dictionaries and Language Books for Sale
On Reconstructing Grammar: Comparative Cariban Morphosyntax:
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Linguistics text on the grammatical structure of Arara and other Cariban languages.
Languages of the Amazon
In-depth book about Arara and dozens of other Amazonian Indian languages.
American Indian Books:
Evolving list of books about Native Americans in general.
Arara Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions
Arara do Para Phonology:
Linguistic chart of phonemes in the Arara language.
Phonological Aspects of Arara:
Academic paper on the linguistics of the Arara language.
La Lengua Arara-Parirí:
Information on the Arara do Para langauge including a linguistic map of Brazil. Page in Spanish.
House of Languages: Arara Pará
Information about Arara Pará language usage.
Arara Language Tree:
Theories about Arara do Pará's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Arara Good News:
Translations of Bible passages into the Arara language.
Carib family: Arara:
Early 20th-century list of vocabulary words in Arara do Para.
Allophonic Variation in Arara do Para:
Linguistics article about Arara do Para phonology. Page in Portuguese.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Wikipedia: Pará Arára language:
Encyclopedia artice on the Arara language.
OLAC: Pará Arára:
Reference list of Arara language materials.
Native Brazilian Language:
Information and links about indigenous language use in Brazil.
Sistema fonológico de Arara Os Arara do Brasil Linguas caribes:
Information about the Arara do Paras and their language in Portuguese.
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