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Arikara Legends, Myths, and Stories
This is our index of Arikara
folktales and traditional stories that can be read online.
We have organized our Native American mythology section
by tribe to make them easier to locate; however, variants on the same
legend are often told by American Indians from different tribes, especially if those tribes are kinfolk or neighbors to
each other. In particular, though these legends come from the Arikara tribe, the traditional stories of
the Pawnee and other Plains Indian tribes are very similar.
Enjoy the stories! If you would like to recommend a Arikara legend for this page, please let us know.
Click on each character's name for more detailed information about his or her role in Arikara mythology.
The Arikara name for the Great Spirit or God. Literally it means "the Chief Above."
Often just called Nishanu ("Chief" or "Lord"), which is still used as the Arikara word for God today.
Her Arikara name (Atna or Atina) literally means just "Mother"; the "corn" was added to her
name by anthropologists because she was the goddess or spirit of the corn. According to Arikara mythology,
Neshanu created the Mother from an ear of corn and she became the protector of the Arikaras, leading them to
their homeland and teaching them to farm.
Coyote, the trickster figure of Arikara Indian myth. He is clever but
reckless, and is forever getting himself and the people around him into trouble, particularly through
socially inappropriate behavior like greediness, boastfulness, lying, and chasing women. Like modern
cartoon characters, Coyote frequently dies during the course of his adventures and returns randomly
to life-- it is impossible to truly get rid of that trickster for good. Coyote stories are often humorous
in nature, but they can also be cautionary tales about the consequences of bad behavior and the dangers
of interacting with irresponsible people.
and Long Teeth:
These magical twins whose mother was killed by a monster are common to the myths of many Midwestern and Plains tribes.
Powerful storm spirit of Arikara mythology.
Stuwi is a woman of loose morals who features in many jokes and stories told among Arikara men.
Stuwi stories usually feature adult humor.
Scalped Man (Tshunuxu):
A warrior who returned to life after being killed and scalped in battle and now roams the world
as a fearsome spirit being.
How Corn Came to Earth:
The Arikara myth about the beginning of the world.
Arikara Creation Myth
A shorter version of the Arikara creation story.
The First To Know Maize:
Arikara story about the boy who first tasted corn.
How Antelope Carrier Saved the Thunderbirds:
Adventures of the Arikara boy hero Antelope Carrier.
An Address To Mother Corn:
Speech from the Arikara Corn Ceremony.
The Forgotten Ear of Corn:
Arikara legend about caring for the corn.
The Legend of the Peace Pipes:
Origin of the Arikara peace pipe.
The Magic Windpipe:
An Arikara story about the trickster Coyote.
The Young Woman Who Became A Bear:
Arikara legend about the origin of Bears Lodge (Devil's Tower) and the Pleiades stars.
Mythology of the Arikaras:
Early 20th-century collection of Arikara legends.
Myths and Traditions of the Arikara Indians:
Collection of Arikara legends and oral history.
Traditional Narratives of the Arikara Indians: Traditional Narratives From Alfred Morsette:
Two-volume set of legends and stories in the Arikara language, with English translation.
American Indian Trickster Tales:
Compilation of more than a hundred stories about Coyote and other Native American tricksters.
(Use discretion sharing these with kids as some of the stories contain adult humor.)
Books of American Indian myths
Arikara Native Americans
Indian tribes of North Dakota
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