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Arikara Indian Language (Sanish, Arikari, Arickaree)
Arikara is a
Caddoan language of the Great Plains, once spoken in North and South
Dakota. It is a polysynthetic tone language with complex morphology.
The people and their language are sometimes referred to as Arikari, Arikaree, or just Ree, but they call themselves Sanish
or Sahnish. Today, the Arikara Indians share a reservation with the Mandan and
Hidatsa tribes. The Arikara language has been in decline
and is spoken today by only a few dozen elders in North Dakota, but some young people are working to keep their ancestral language alive.
Arikara Language Arikara language samples and resources.
Arikara Tribe Culture and History Information and links about the Arikara Indians past and present.
Arikara Legends Introduction to Arikara mythology.
Arikara Indians Fact Sheet Our answers to frequently asked questions about the Arikaras, their language and culture.
Our Arikara Language Materials
Our list of vocabulary words in the Arikara language, with comparison to words in other Caddoan languages.
Arikara Pronunciation Guide:
How to pronounce Arikara words.
Arikara Animal Words:
Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Arikara language.
Arikara Body Parts:
Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in Arikara.
Worksheet showing color words in Arikara.
Worksheet showing how to count in Arikara.
Arikara Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions
English to Sanish Language Dictionary:
Alphabetic vocabulary of the Arikara Indian language.
Arikara (Sáhniš) Language Program:
Homepage of a tribal initiative to create Arikara textbooks and CD-ROM's.
Arikara Language Tree:
Theories about Arikara's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Arikara Language Structures:
Arikara linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Arikara Language Preservation and Usage
House of Languages: Arikara
Information about Arikara language usage.
Demographic information about Arikara from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Arikara Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
Traditional Narratives of the Arikara Indians:
Four volumes of stories in the Arikara/Sahnish language, with translation and audio cassettes.
Native American Dictionaries:
Arapaho and other American Indian dictionaries and language materials for sale.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Encyclopedia article on the Arikara language.
La Lengua Arikara Langue Arikara:
Information about the Arikara language in Spanish and French.
Arikara links pages.
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