The Wabanaki Indian tribes, who craft their baskets from ash splints, have a tradition that humans
were first created from black ash trees as well. The Chitimacha Indians believed ash was poisonous to
rattlesnakes, and would use ash canes to drive away snakes. Some Great Plains tribes, such as the Ponca,
used green ash wood instead of cottonwood for their sacred Sun Dance poles.
Ash bark and roots were also used as medicine herbs in a number of tribes.
Iroquois men would even chew raw ash bark as part of a hunting ritual (don't try this at home!)