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Atikamekw Legends, Myths, and Stories

This is our index of Atikamekw folktales and traditional stories that can be read online. We have organized our Native American folktales section by tribe to make them easier to locate; however, variants on the same legend are often told by American Indians from different tribes, especially if those tribes are kinfolk or neighbors to each other. In particular, though these legends come from the Atikamekw tribe, the traditional stories of related tribes like the Innu and Cree are very similar.

Enjoy the stories! If you would like to recommend an Atikamekw story for this page, please let us know.

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Important Atikamekw Mythological Figures

Click on each character's name for more detailed information about his or her role in Atikamekw mythology.

Wisakejak (also spelled Wizakejak and other ways): Benevolent culture hero of the Atikamek and Cree tribes (sometimes referred to as a "transformer" by folklorists.) It is pronounced similar to wee-zuh-kay-jock. Wisakejak shares some similarities with other Algonquian heroes such as the Wabanaki Glooscap, Blackfoot Napi, and Anishinabe Nanabozho, and many of the same stories are told in different Algonquian tribes with only the identity of the protagonist differing.

Tcikabis (also spelled Chikabis and other ways): An Atikamekw trickster figure. He is usually getting into trouble, but his magic powers protect him from harm. His name is pronounced similar to chih-kah-biss.

Witiko. An evil man-eating spirit, like the better-known Windigo of Anishinabe mythology. Witikos play the roles of monsters and bogeymen in some Attikamekw stories; in others, Atikamekw people who commit sins (especially selfishness, gluttony, or cannibalism) are turned into a Witiko as punishment. It is pronounced wih-tih-koh.

Carcajou (also spelled Kiikwahaake or Kikwahake): Wolverine, a conniving sort of trickster character who lies, cheats, is greedy, and basically acts completely inappropriately by Attikamekw standards-- usually in the funniest possible way.

Atikamekw Indian Folklore

*When Tcikabis Trapped The Sun:
    An Atikamekw legend about the trickster Tcikabis getting into more trouble.

Recommended Books on Atikamekw Mythology

Algonquian Spirit:
    Excellent anthology of stories, songs, and oral history from the Atikamekw and other Algonquian tribes.

Additional Resources

 Eci Mikoian
 Atikamekw language
 Books of Native American myth
 Native American religions
 First Nations of Canada
 Algonquian tribes
 Native Indians



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