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Atruahi Indian Language (Waimiri-Atroari, Kinja)
Language: Atruahi is a Cariban language of South America,
spoken by 2000 people in Brazil. Atruahi is an
agglutinative language with complex verb morphology.
Word order is primarily SOV.
Thanks for your interest in Native American languages!
Names: Atruahi, Waimiri, amd Yauaperi are names given to them by neighboring tribes;
non-Native Brazilians often combine the first two names to call them the Waimiri-Atroari tribe. Their own endonym
(that is to say, their name for themselves in their own language) is
Kinja, which means "true people."
Other spellings and names used for the Waimiri-Atroaris include Atruahí, Atroahi, Atroahí, Atroarí,
Atrowari, Atroaí, Aroaqui, Atroahy, Atroa;
Waimira, Uaimiri, Uaimirí, Uaimiris-Atroari, Uaimiry;
Yauapery, Yauaperí, Yawaperi, Yawaperí, Jauaperi, Jawaperi;
Kinya, Ki'nya, Kinã, Kia;
Krishana, Krixana, Crichan, Crichaná, Crichana, Caricuná, Caricuna;
Alalau and Alalaú.
Atruahi language samples and resources.
Waimiri Atroari Culture and History
Information and links about the Atruahi tribe past and present.
Our Online Atruahi Materials
Our list of vocabulary words in the Atruahi language, with comparison to words in other Cariban languages.
Waimiri-Atroari Pronunciation Guide:
How to pronounce Atroari words.
Atruahi Animal Words:
Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Waimiri-Atroari language.
Atruahi Body Parts:
Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Atruahi language.
Worksheet showing color words in Atruahi.
Worksheet showing how to count in the Atruahi language.
Books For Sale About Waimiri Atroari
The Amazonian Languages:
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In-depth linguistics book about Waimiri-Atroari and dozens of other Amazonian Indian languages.
Atruahi Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions
Languages of Northeastern Brazil:
Map showing the areas of South America where the Waimiri-Atroari language is spoken.
Phrase Structure in Waimiri Atroahi:
Linguistics paper on the Waimiri Atroahi language. PDF format.
A short list of Waimiri Atroari vocabulary, with Portuguese, Spanish and English translations.
Encyclopedia article about the Atruahi language.
Waimirí Language Tree:
Theories about Atroari-Waimiri's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Endangered Languages Project: Waimirí-Atroarí:
Bibliography of Atroari language resources.
Lingua Waimiri Atroari Lengua Yawaperí:
Information about the Waimiri-Atroari language in Portuguese and Spanish.
Brazilian Native Language:
Information and links about the indigenous languages of Brazil.
Atruahi language links.
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