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Atsugewi Language (Hat Creek Tribe)
Language: Atsugewi is a Palaihnihan
language of Northern California, most closely related to Achumawi.
Some linguists consider these two languages part of the larger Hokan
language family. Atsugewi is a highly polysynthetic
language with very complex verbs and free word order.
The last native speaker of Atsugewi died in 1988, but some young people hope to revive their ancestral language again.
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Names: Atsugewi is the tribe's own name for themselves, meaning "pine tree people." This name is also spelled many
other ways such as Atsuge, Atsugé, Atsugeyi, Atsuke, and Atsukeyi. A second band, known as
Apwaruge (also Apwarugewi, Apwarugeyi, Apwarukeyi, Aporige, etc.), were speakers of the same language.
The Apwaruge dialect is also known as Dixie Valley Atsugewi or Juniper Atsugewi,
while the Atsuge dialect is also known as Hat Creek Atsugewi or Pine Tree Atsugewi.
The Atsugewi, Apwaruge, and Achumawi bands
are often collectively known as the Pit River tribe.
Atsugewi language samples and resources.
Atsugewi Culture and History
Information and links about the Atsugewi tribe past and present.
Atsugewi Indians Fact Sheet
Our answers to common questions about the lifestyle of Atsugewi Indian people.
Achumawi and Atsugewi Legends
Introduction to Pit River Indian mythology.
Our Online Atsugewi Materials
Our list of vocabulary words in the Atsugewi language, with comparison to words in other Hokan languages.
Atsugewi Pronunciation Guide:
How to pronounce Atsugewi words.
Atsugewi Animal Words:
Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Atsugewi language.
Atsugewi Body Parts:
Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Atsugewi language.
Worksheet showing color words in the Atsugewi language.
Worksheet showing how to count in the Atsugewi language.
Worksheet with pictures of food words in the Atsugewi language.
Atsugewi Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
A Lexicon of Atsugewi:
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Atsugewi dictionary for sale online.
Semantic Structures in English and Atsugewi:
Atsugewi linguistics book.
American Indian Language Dictionaries:
Atsugewi and other Native American dictionaries and language materials for sale.
Atsugewi Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions
Reconstructing Achumawi and Atsugewi:
Linguistics article on the two Palainihan languages.
Linguistics paper on the phonology of Atsugewi.
Brief article on the Atsugewi language.
House of Languages: Atsugewi
Information about Atsugewi language usage.
Demographic information about Atsugewi from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Survey of California Indian Languages: Atsugewi:
Profile of the Atsugewi language from the University of California at Berkeley.
Atsugewi Language Tree:
Theories about Atsugewi's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Atsugewi Language Structures:
Atsugewi linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Wikipedia article about the Atsugewi language.
Lengua Atsugewi Lenguas Palaihnih:
Information on the Atsugewi language in Spanish.
Atsugewi Indian books.
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