Language: Atsugewi is a Palaihnihan
language of Northern California, most closely related to Achumawi.
Some linguists consider these two languages part of the larger Hokan
language family. Atsugewi is a highly polysynthetic
language with very complex verbs and free word order.
The last native speaker of Atsugewi died in 1988, but some young people hope to revive their ancestral language again.
Thanks for your interest in Native American languages!
Names:Atsugewi is the tribe's own name for themselves, meaning "pine tree people." This name is also spelled many
other ways such as Atsuge, Atsugé, Atsugeyi, Atsuke, and Atsukeyi. A second band, known as
Apwaruge (also Apwarugewi, Apwarugeyi, Apwarukeyi, Aporige, etc.), were speakers of the same language.
The Apwaruge dialect is also known as Dixie Valley Atsugewi or Juniper Atsugewi,
while the Atsuge dialect is also known as Hat Creek Atsugewi or Pine Tree Atsugewi.
The Atsugewi, Apwaruge, and Achumawi bands
are often collectively known as the Pit River tribe.