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Bare Language (Baré, Balé, Barauna)

Language: Bare is an endangered Arawakan language of South America, still spoken by only a few elders in southwestern Venezuela and northwestern Brazil. Most Bare people have shifted to speaking Portuguese and/or the Tupi-based trade language Nhengatu (Lingua Geral) instead. Bare is a polysynthetic language with SVO word order.

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Names: Baré, or Balé, is a tribal name from their own language. Some say this is a shortened form of the word for "friends" or "allies," while others say it derives from the word for "white." Alternate spellings of this name have included Bare, Bale, Barré, Barre, and Barrés. The names of Bare subgroups include Barauna (also spelled Barauana, Barawana or Baraúna), Ihini (also spelled Ihni, Inhini, Ibini, or Ihini-Bare), Arihini (also spelled Arihini-Bare), and Cunipusana. The Mandahuaca (or Maldavaca) are also referred to as a Bare subgroup in some literature, but although they do share many cultural similarities, their languages are distinct. The more general names Mitua and Yavita are sometimes used to refer to the Bare Indians as well as to other neighboring tribes.

Bare Language

Bare language samples and resources.

Bare Culture and History

Information and links about the Bare tribe past and present.

Bare Language Resources

Our Online Bare Materials

Bare Words:
    Our list of vocabulary words in the Bare language, with comparison to words in other Arawakan languages.
Bare Pronunciation Guide:
    How to pronounce Bare words in English.
Bare Colors:
    Worksheet showing color words in the Baré language.
Bare Body Parts:
    Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Baré language.

Bare Language Resources

Indian Peoples of Venezuela:
    Map showing the location where Bare was once spoken on the Venezuela-Brazil border.
For Want of a Word:
    Interview with linguist Alexandra Aikhenvald about the Tariana and Bare languages.
Baré Phonology:
    Linguistic chart of phonemes in the Bare language.
    Information on the Bare language. Page in Spanish.
House of Languages: Baré
     Information about Baré language usage.
Baré Language Tree:
    Theories about Bare's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Baré Language Structures:
    Bare linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Bare Dictionaries and Language Books for Sale
Our organization earns a commission from all books bought through these links Comparative Arawakan Histories:
    Anthropology book on the Baré and many other Arawakan tribes of the Amazon.
The Amazonian Languages:
    Linguistic information about Bare and dozens of other Amazonian languages.

Links, References, and Additional Information

Endangered Languages Project: Bare:
Bibliography of Bare language resources.
  OLAC: Bare:
  Reference list of Bare language materials.
Wikipedia: Barawana Language:
Encyclopedia articles on the Baré language.
Los Baré * Os Barés:
Information about the Bares in Spanish and Portuguese.

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