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Biloxi Indian Language

Language: Biloxi was a Siouan language spoken in Mississippi and Alabama. It featured SOV word order. The Biloxi tribe was devastated by a smallpox epidemic, and the survivors migrated westward and merged with the Tunica Indians, with whom they share a Louisiana reservation today. Though the Tunica and Biloxi Indians were friends and allies, their languages were entirely unrelated, and since they were unable to communicate effectively in their native languages, both tribes shifted to French. The Biloxi language has not been spoken in more than a century.

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Names: Biloxi is the name of the tribe in the language of their Choctaw neighbors. In their own language, the Biloxi called themselves Taneks or Tanekshaya, meaning "first" or "first people." Their language was known as Tanekshaya Ade, "first people's language." Other spellings of these names have included Tanêks, Tanêksa, Taneksa, and Tanêksąyaa.

Biloxi Language
Biloxi language samples and resources.

Biloxi Nation Culture and History
Information and links about the Biloxi tribe past and present.

Biloxi Indians Fact Sheet
Our answers to common middle and high school questions about the lifestyle of Biloxi Indian people.

Biloxi Legends
Introduction to the mythology of the Biloxi Indians.

Biloxi Language Resources

Our Online Biloxi Materials

Biloxi Vocabulary:
    List of vocabulary words in the Biloxi language, with comparison to words in other Siouan languages.
Biloxi Pronunciation Guide:
    How to pronounce Biloxi words.
Biloxi Picture Dictionary:
    Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Biloxi Indian language.
Biloxi Body Parts:
    Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in Biloxi.
Biloxi Colors:
    Photos demonstrating color words in Biloxi.
Biloxi Numbers:
    Worksheet showing how to count in Biloxi.
Mississippi Language Map: * Alabama Language Map:
    Tribal maps showing where the Biloxi language was spoken.

Biloxi Dictionaries and Language Books for Sale
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Dictionary Of The Biloxi And Ofo Languages:
    Biloxi dictionary for sale.

Biloxi Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

Omniglot: Biloxi:
    Profile of the Biloxi language including a phonological inventory, orthography and a text.
Wikipedia: Biloxi Tribe:
    Encyclopedia article on the Biloxi tribe and their language.
Biloxi Language Tree:
    Theories about Biloxi's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Biloxi Language Structures:
    Biloxi linguistic profile and academic bibliography.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

La Lengua Biloxi: * Langue Biloxi:
Information about the Biloxi language in Spanish and French.
Biloxi link pages.
Biloxi Tribe:
Biloxi Indian books.

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