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Bora Language (Mirana, Borá)

Language: Bora is a Witotan language of South America, spoken by around 2000 people in northern Peru, northwestern Brazil and southeastern Colombia. Bora is a tone language with SOV word order.

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Names: Although "Bora" is commonly used by the people today, it originally came from a neighboring tribe, and may have meant "other people" or "outsiders." The Boras call themselves Miamuna, which means "the people" in their language. There are two main dialects of the Bora language, usually called Bora and Mirana after the two groups who speak them. The Mirana people share many cultural similarities with the Bora people and speak a dialect of the same language, so they are often considered a Bora subgroup. A third Boran subgroup of Colombia was called the Imihita tribe, but they have been absorbed into Bora and Mirana communities today. Alternate spellings of these names have included Borá, Booraa, Boro, Bora-Miranya, Miraña, Mirañã, Miranas, Miranha, Mirãnha, Miranya, Miriña, Mïamuna, Miamunaa, Miamuna'a, and Meamuyna.

Bora Language

Bora language samples and resources.

Bora Culture and History

Information and links about the Bora tribe past and present.

Bora Language Resources

Our Online Bora Materials

Bora Vocabulary:
    Our list of vocabulary words in the Bora language.
Bora Pronunciation Guide:
    How to pronounce Bora Indian words.
Bora Animal Words:
    Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Bora language.
Bora Body Parts:
    Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Bora language.
Bora Colors:
    Worksheet showing color words in the Bora language.
Bora Numbers:
    Worksheet showing how to count in the Bora language.

Bora Language Resources

Indians of the Western Amazon * Peru Linguistic Map * Tribes and Languages of Peru:
    Maps showing the areas in South America where Bora speakers live.
Bora Indian Language * Bora Linguistic Description * Bora Orthography * Bora Phonology * Bora Text:
    Bora Bible Translation:
    Digitized Bora language materials from the Rosetta Project.
Bora Phonology:
    Linguistic chart of phonemes in the Bora language.
Drum Language of the Amazon Rainforest:
    How traditional manguare drums were used to mmic features of the Bora language for long distance communication.
Human Rights: Bora:
    Translation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights into the Bora language.
    Information on the Bora language, including linguistic maps of Peru and Colombia. Page in Spanish.
House of Languages: Bora
     Information about Bora language usage.
Bora Language Tree:
    Theories about Bora's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Bora Language Structures:
    Bora linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Bora Alphabet:
    Phonological inventory of the Bora language, with a sample text.
The Bible in Bora: * Bora New Testament: * Bora Words of Life:
    Translation of Bible passages into the Bora language.
Bora Papers:
    Archive of linguistics papers on Bora, in English and Spanish.

Bora Dictionaries and Language Books for Sale
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Bora Indian Utilization of Swidden Fallows:
    Anthropology book on the Bora Indians for sale online.
The Amazonian Languages:
    Linguistic information about Bora and dozens of other languages of the Amazon.
American Indian Books:
    Evolving list of books that are about Native Americans in general.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

  Endangered Languages Project: Bora:
Bibliography of Bora language resources.
  OLAC: Bora:
  Reference list of Bora language materials.
Wikipedia: Bora Language:
Encyclopedia articles on the Bora Indian language.
La Lengua Bora * Alfabeto Bora: * Idioma de los Bora * Gramática del idioma bora
Information about the Bora language in Spanish.

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