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Boruca Indian Language (Brunka, Brunca)

Language: Boruca is a Chibchan language of Central America, spoken in the Puntarenas region of southern Costa Rica. The last fluent speaker of Boruca passed away in 2003, but there are still a few elders living in Costa Rica who know something of the language. Like most Chibchan languages, Boruca is a tone language with SOV word order.

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Names: Boruca is a Spanish corruption of their own name for themselves, Bruncajc. This is a place name meaning "Ash Valley." Their traditional name for their language is Di'tegat, which means "our language," or Di'tegat Brunkajc, which means "the language of we Borucas." Alternate spellings of these names have included Brunka, Brunca, Bronka, Boruka, Burica, Burunka, Borunca, Burunca, Borunka, Burnca, Brounka, Bruncas, Burucaca, and Brunkahk, and Ditegat.



Boruca Language

Boruca language samples and resources.

Boruca Culture and History

Information and links about the Boruca tribe past and present.


Boruca Language Resources

Our Online Boruca Materials

Boruca Words:
    Our list of vocabulary words in the Boruca language, with comparison to words in other Chibchan languages.
Boruca Pronunciation Guide:
    How to pronounce Boruca words in English.
Boruca Animal Words:
    Illustrated glossary of animal words in Boruca.
Boruca Colors:
    Worksheet showing color words in the Boruca language.
Boruca Body Parts:
    Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Boruca language.
Boruca Numbers:
    Worksheet showing how to count in Boruca.
Boruca Food:
    Worksheet with pictures of food words in the Boruca language.

Boruca Dictionaries and Language Books for Sale
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Diccionario Boruca-Español:
    Spanish-Boruca dictionary for sale online.
Lengua o Dialecto Boruca o Brúnkajk:
    Book about the Boruca language in Spanish.
The Languages of the Andes:
    Linguistic information about Boruca and dozens of other Central and South American languages.
The Chibchan Languages:
    Book on the Chibchan language family including Boruca.

Boruca Language Resources

Indigenous Languages in Costa Rica: * Costa Rican Language Map:
    Maps showing where the Boruca language was spoken in the past and today.
Learn Boruca:
    Soundfiles of Boruca words and phrases.
La Lengua Boruka:
    Information on the Boruca language, including a linguistic map of Central America. Page in Spanish.
Languages Saved From Oblivion:
    Article on language preservation among the Rama and Boruca Indians.
House of Languages: Boruca
     Information about Boruca language usage.
Wikipedia: Boruca:
    Encyclopedia article on the Boruca language.
Boruca Language Tree:
    Theories about Boruca's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Boruca Language Structures:
    Boruca linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Brunca Sign Language * Wikipedia: Bribri Sign:
    Information about an indigenous sign language used by the Boruca people.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

Endangered Languages Project: Boruca:
Bibliography of Boruca language resources.
  OLAC: Boruca:
  Reference list of Borcua language materials.
Boruca People * Boruca:
Encyclopedia articles on the Boruca Indians.
La lengua Boruca * Los indigenas Boruca de Costa Rica * Idioma Boruca:
Information about the Boruca tribe and their language in Spanish.



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