Indian languages * Indian tribes * What's new on our site today!

Boruca Indian Language (Brunka)

Language: Boruca is a Chibchan language of Central America. The last fluent speaker of Boruca passed away in 2003, but there are still a few elders in Costa Rica who know something of the language. Like most Chibchan languages, Boruca is a tone language with SOV word order.

Thanks for your interest in Native American languages!

Sponsored Links


Names: Boruca is a Spanish corruption of their own name for themselves, Bruncajc. Their traditional name for their language was Di'tegat, "our language," or Di'tegat Brunkajc, "the language of we Borucas." Alternate spellings of these names have included Brunka, Brunca, Bronka, Boruka, Burica, Burunka, Borunca, Burunca, Borunka, Burnca, Brounka, Burucaca, and Ditegat.



Boruca Language

Boruca language samples and resources.

Boruca Culture and History

Information and links about the Boruca tribe past and present.


Boruca Language Resources

Our Online Boruca Materials

Boruca Words:
    Our list of vocabulary words in the Boruca language, with comparison to words in other Chibchan languages.
Boruca Pronunciation Guide:
    How to pronounce Boruca words.
Boruca Animal Words:
    Illustrated glossary of animal words in Boruca.
Boruca Colors:
    Worksheet showing color words in the Boruca language.
Boruca Body Parts:
    Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Boruca language.
Boruca Numbers:
    Worksheet showing how to count in Boruca.
Boruca Food:
    Worksheet with pictures of food words in the Boruca language.

Books for Sale on the Boruca Language

Diccionario Boruca-Español:
    Spanish-Boruca dictionary for sale online.
Lengua o Dialecto Boruca o Brúnkajk:
    Book about the Boruca language in Spanish.
The Languages of the Andes:
    Linguistic information about Boruca and dozens of other Central and South American languages.
The Chibchan Languages:
    Book on the Chibchan language family including Boruca.

Boruca Language Resources

La Lengua Boruka:
    Information on the Boruca language, including a linguistic map of Central America. Page in Spanish.
Languages Saved From Oblivion:
    Article on language preservation among the Rama and Boruca Indians.
House of Languages: Boruca
     Information about Boruca language usage.
Boruca Language:
    Demographic information on Boruca from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Wikipedia: Boruca:
    Encyclopedia article on the Boruca language.
Boruca Language Tree:
    Theories about Boruca's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Boruca Language Structures:
    Boruca linguistic profile and academic bibliography.

Sponsored Links



Links, References, and Additional Information

Boruca People * Boruca:
Encyclopedia articles on the Boruca Indians.
Los Boruca * Historia Boruca * Los Boruca:
Information about the Boruca tribe in Spanish.



Back to our Indian Culture index
Back to Native American Indians for kids
Back to Central American Indian tribes

Native Languages

Indian names * Indian masks * The Powhatan Indians * Ataniel fiction * Tribal tattoos

Would you like to sponsor our work on the Brunka or Boruca Indian language?

Native Languages of the Americas website © 1998-2016 * Contacts and FAQ page