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Boruca Indian Language (Brunka)
Language: Boruca is a Chibchan language
of Central America. The last fluent speaker of Boruca passed away in 2003, but there are still a few elders in Costa Rica
who know something of the language. Like most Chibchan languages,
Boruca is a tone language
with SOV word order.
Thanks for your interest in Native American languages!
Names: Boruca is a Spanish corruption of their own name for themselves, Bruncajc. Their traditional name
for their language was Di'tegat, "our language," or Di'tegat Brunkajc, "the language of we Borucas." Alternate spellings
of these names have included Brunka, Brunca, Bronka, Boruka, Burica, Burunka, Borunca, Burunca, Borunka, Burnca, Brounka, Burucaca,
Boruca language samples and resources.
Boruca Culture and History
Information and links about the Boruca tribe past and present.
Our list of vocabulary words in the Boruca language, with comparison to words in other Chibchan languages.
Boruca Pronunciation Guide:
How to pronounce Boruca words.
Boruca Animal Words:
Illustrated glossary of animal words in Boruca.
Worksheet showing color words in the Boruca language.
Boruca Body Parts:
Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Boruca language.
Worksheet showing how to count in Boruca.
Worksheet with pictures of food words in the Boruca language.
Spanish-Boruca dictionary for sale online.
Lengua o Dialecto Boruca o Brúnkajk:
Book about the Boruca language in Spanish.
The Languages of the Andes:
Linguistic information about Boruca and dozens of other Central and South American languages.
The Chibchan Languages:
Book on the Chibchan language family including Boruca.
Boruca Language Resources La Lengua Boruka:
Information on the Boruca language, including a linguistic map of Central America. Page in Spanish.
Languages Saved From Oblivion:
Article on language preservation among the Rama and Boruca Indians.
House of Languages: Boruca
Information about Boruca language usage.
Demographic information on Boruca from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Encyclopedia article on the Boruca language.
Boruca Language Tree:
Theories about Boruca's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Boruca Language Structures:
Boruca linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Boruca People Boruca:
Encyclopedia articles on the Boruca Indians.
Los Boruca Historia Boruca Los Boruca:
Information about the Boruca tribe in Spanish.
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