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Chinook Jargon (Tsinuk Wawa)
The Chinook Jargon was a major pidgin trade language based on Chinook, the
Penutian language of a prominent Indian tribe of what is now the Washington coast.
Though this pidgin almost certainly existed in some form in pre-Columbian times (west-coast Indian oral histories make mention of it, accusing
the Chinook of being too haughty to teach members of other tribes the true form of their language), it truly took off after the arrival of Europeans
put increased communication pressures on the linguistically diverse tribes of the west. At its heyday in the 1800's the Chinook Jargon was spoken by
some 100,000 people, and in fact there are native elders in British Columbia and Washington state who still remember some of the jargon, even though the Chinook
language itself had died out by 1930.
Chinook Jargon Vocabulary:
Our list of vocabulary words in the Chinook Jargon, with comparison to words in other Penutian languages.
Description and history of the Chinook Jargon, with language lessons, grammar, and vocabulary.
Chinook Trade Jargon:
Online collection of Chinook Jargon language materials including four dictionaries and a language map.
Chinook Wawa vocabulary written in Duployan script characters ("shorthand").
Yinka Dene Language Institute: Chinook Jargon:
Article on the Chinook trade jargon, with a linguistic bibliography.
Quicktime videos of a Chinook man describing the old Chinook language and its influence on Chinook Wawa.
Wikipedia: Chinook Jargon:
Encyclopedia article on the Chinook trade language.
The Wawa Shorthand:
List of symbols used in writing the Chinook Jargon.
Chart of place names in Chinook and Wasco-Wishram.
Chinook Wawa Prayers:
Chinook Jargon translation of the Lord's Prayer and other Christian prayers.
House of Languages: Chinook Jargon:
Information about Chinook Wawa language usage.
Demographic information about the Chinook Jargon from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Chinook Jargon Language Tree:
Theories about Chinook Jargon's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Chinook Jargon: The Hidden Language of the Pacific Northwest Chinook: A History and Dictionary:
Two books about the Chinook Jargon, with vocabulary, history, and cultural background.
The Chinook Jargon: A Complete and Exhaustive Lexicon:
Dictionary of the Chinook Jargon language for sale.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Lengua Jerga Chinook Le Jargon Chinook:
Information on the Chinook Jargon language in Spanish and French.
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