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Cupeño Indian Language (Kupangaxwichem)

Cupeño is a Uto-Aztecan language of Southern California. Only a few dozen elders still speak the Cupeno language fluently, but some younger people are working to keep their ancestral language alive.

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Cupeno Language
Cupeno language samples and resources.

Cupeno Tribe Culture and History
Information and links about the Cupeño Indians past and present.

Cupeno Indians Fact Sheet
Our answers to common questions about the Cupenos.

Cupeno Legends
Introduction to Cupeno mythology.

Cupeno Language Resources

Our Online Cupeno Language Materials

Cupeno Vocabulary
     Our list of vocabulary words in the Cupeno language, with comparison to words in other Uto-Aztecan languages.

Cupeno Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links

Mulu'Wetam, the First People
     This interesting book on Cupeno culture and oral history includes a dictionary of the Cupeno language.
Cupeno Oral History and Language
     Cupeno language book (out of print).
American Indian Language Dictionaries:
    Cupeno and other Native American dictionaries and language materials for sale.

Cupeno Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

Cupa Cultural Center
     Contact information for the Cupa Cultural Center, which holds the remaining tapes and archives of the Cupeno language.
Cupeno Prayers:
    Cupeno translation of the Lord's Prayer.
House of Languages: Cupeño:
    Information about Cupeño language usage.
Cupeño Language
     Demographic information about Cupeno from the Ethnologue of Languages.
*Survey of California Indian Languages: Cupeño:
    Profile of the Cupeño language from the University of California at Berkeley.
Cupeño Language Tree:
    Theories about Cupeno's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Cupeño Language Structures:
    Cupeño linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
*Southern Shoshonean Vocabulary:
    Early 20th-century wordlists of Cahuilla, Luiseno and Cupeno.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

Wikipedia: Cupeño:
Encyclopedia articles on the Cupeno language.
Lengua Cupan:
Information on the Cupeño language in Spanish.
Cupeno Tribe:
Cupeno Indian books.

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