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Damana Language (Sanja, Sanka, Malayo, Wiwa)

Damana is a Chibchan language of South America, spoken by around 2000 people in the mountains of northern Colombia. The people call themselves Wiwa or Sanja, and Damana (or Dumuna ) is their name for their language. (Malayo is a name given to them by Spanish-speakers, and Arsario, Guamaco, and Marocasero are names of Wiwa bands.) The Damana language has complex morphology and SOV word order.

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Our Online Damana Materials

Damana Words
     Our list of vocabulary words in the Damana language, with comparison to words in other Chibchan languages.
Damana Pronunciation Guide:
    How to pronounce Damana words.
Damana Animal Words:
     Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Damana language.

Damana Language Resources

Northern Colombia Language Map:
    Map showing where in South America the Malayo language is spoken.
Wamaka (Guamaca):
     Information on the Wiwa or Guamaco language. Page in Spanish.
House of Languages: Wiwa:
    Information about Wiwa language usage.
Malayo Language:
     Demographic information on the Kuna from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Guamaca Language Tree:
    Theories about Guamaca's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Damana Language Structures:
    Damana linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
     Book on the Damana Indian language for sale online. In Spanish.

Damana Culture and History Links

Keepers of the World
     Article about the Kogui, Arhuaco, and Wiwa Indians and their efforts to protect their sacred mountain home.
Cantos Wiwa
     CD of traditional Wiwa music for sale online.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

  Wikipedia: Wiwa:
  Encyclopedia articles on the Wiwa language.
  Los indios wiwa * El Pueblo Wiwa * Los ika y los wiwa:
  Information about the Damana or Wiwa tribe in Spanish.

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