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Timbira (Timbiras)

"Timbira" is a general cultural and linguistic name referring to a group of related tribes of Brazil, including the Canela, Kraho, Krikati, and Kreye tribes. Apinaye is sometimes also included among the Timbira tribes even though their language is significantly different from the others. Sometimes Apinaye is referred to as "Western Timbira," while the others are referred to as "Eastern Timbira."

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Here are links to our webpages about the Timbira tribe and language:

 Apinaye language
 Canela language
 Ge language family
 Brazil indigenous tribes
 Amazon Indians

Here are links to more Internet resources about the Timbiras:
 Ethnologue: Timbira Languages
 Wikipedia: Timbira language
 The Canela and the Timbira Tribes
 Dispersion and coalescence of the Timbira peoples

And here are a few good books about the Timbiras:
 The Eastern Timbira
 The Canela: Kinship, Ritual and Sex in an Amazonian Tribe
 A Divided World: Apinaye Social Structure
 The Apinaye



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