Native Indian languages * Native Indian cultures * Native Indian legends


"Tumucumaque" is an indigenous placename in Brazil and the name of a national park in the rainforests of Amapá state. Although Tumucumaque refers to a mountain that is of sacred mythological importance to the Apalai, Wayana, and Trio tribes that live near it, the name does not literally mean "sacred place" or "battle of the shaman" as it is sometimes said to-- it actually means "rock on the mountaintop" in the Cariban languages spoken by these three tribes.

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Here are links to our webpages about the Tumucumaque tribes and languages:

 Apalai language
 Wayana language
 Trio language
 Cariban tribes
 Brazilian indigenous people
 Amazon rainforest tribes

Here are links to other Internet resources about Tumucumaque:

 Montanhas do Tumucumaque
 Mapping Tumucumaque
 Protecting the Rainforest: Tumucumaque
 Wikipedia: Tumucumaque National Park
 World's largest tropical forest park created

And here are a few good books about the Tumucumaques:
 Carib-Speaking Indians: Culture, Society, and Language
 The Expression and Perception of Space in Wayana
 Languages of the Amazon

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