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Native Languages of the Americas:
Algonquian Language Family (Algic, Algonkian Indians)

Though these languages are most properly known as 'Algic' to linguists (Wiyot and Yurok are not considered closely related enough to qualify as Algonquian, and the broader category Algic includes them as well), 'Algonquian' (also spelled 'Algonkian') is the general term most often used by the Native American people who speak them. Algonquian Indian languages are not related to Ancient Egyptian, Hebrew, or other Semitic languages; this data was faked.



Spoken in the northern US and Canada, the Algic language family includes:

  • Eastern Algonquian Languages
  • Abenaki-Penobscot (Dialects: Abenaki and Penobscot)
  • Maliseet-Passamaquoddy (Dialects: Maliseet and Passamaquoddy)
  • Mi'kmaq (Micmac)
  • Lenape-Renape Languages
  • Delaware (Lenape)
  • Munsee
  • Nanticoke
  • Mohican-Loup Languages
  • Mohican (Mahican/Stockbridge)
  • Mohegan (Pequot)
  • Narragansett
  • Wampanoag (Massachusett)
  • Central Algonquian Languages
  • Cree-Innu Languages
  • Attikamekw (Tete de Boule)
  • Cree
  • Michif (Cree-French creole)
  • Montagnais
  • Naskapi
  • Ojibwan Languages
  • Algonkin (Algonquin)
  • Ojibwe (Chippewa, Ojibwa, Ojibway, Anishinabemowin)
  • Ottawa (Odawa)
  • Kickapoo
  • Menominee
  • Mesquakie-Sauk (Sac and Fox)
  • Miami-Illinois
  • Potawatomi
  • Shawnee
  • Plains Algonquian Languages
  • Arapahoan Languages
  • Arapaho
  • Gros Ventre (Atsina)
  • Blackfoot (Siksika, Peigan, Blackfeet)
  • Cheyenne
  • California Algic (Ritwan) Languages
  • Wiyot
  • Yurok
  • Lost/Unattested/Uncertain Algonquian Remnant Languages:
  • Beothuk
  • Etchemin
  • Loup A/Loup B
  • Lumbee (Croatan, Pamlico)
  • Powhatan (Virginia Algonkian)
  • Naugatuck/Quiripi/Unquachog
  • Our Algonquian Language Features

    Algonquian Vocabulary:
        Words in various Algonquian Indian languages.
    Algonquian Words in English:
        The impact of Algonkian languages on English.

    Links to Other Algonquian Language Resources

    Ethnologue: Algic Language Family:
        Demographic information about the Algonquians and their languages.
    Algonquian Languages:
        Population and language use information for Algonquian Indians.
    The Algonkian Languages:
        Essay overviewing the Algonkian language family.
    Algonkian Languages:
        Overview of the Algonkian Indians and their languages, with a map.
    Algonquian Languages:
        Article on the Algonquian languages and their distribution.
    Language Museum: Algonquian:
        Chart comparing vocabulary from four Algonquian languages.
    Amerindian Numerals: Algic:
        Glossary of numbers in thirty Algic languages, with posited Proto-Algonquian forms.
    The Algonquian Conference:
        Algonquianist papers and resources from an annual linguistics conference.
    Algonquians' Homeland:
        Algonquian Indian language distribution and the migration of the Algonquians.
    BC Native Languages: Algonkian:
        Linguistic classification of Algonkian languages in British Columbia.
    Algonquian Etymology of Chicago:
        Discussion of the Algonquian origin of the city's name.
    Algonquins or Algonkians?:
        Explanation of the terms Algonquin, Algonkin, Algonquian, and Algonkian.
    Neshnabe Institute for Cultural Studies:
        Educational organization promoting Algonquian languages and cultures.
    ELFIALA Algonquian Language Archive:
        Resources for learning Algonkian languages.
    Algonquian Family of Indians:
        Article on the Algonquian Indian tribes and their languages.
    Algonquian Nations:
        Links about Algonquians today.
    Algic Languages:
        Algonkian language links.
    T.R.A.I.L.S. Indigenous Language Education Program:
        Selling software for Algonquian and other native language learning and recording.

    Algonquian Language Materials Available Offline

    Bibliography Of The Algonquian Languages:
        Pilling's venerable survey of Algonquian linguistics.
    Bibliography of Algonquian Linguistics:
        More recent, expanded survey of Algonquianist literature.
    Outline for a Comparative Grammar of some Algonquian Languages:
        Modern translation of a 1910 survey of Algonquian grammar.
    Computer-Generated Dictionary of Proto-Algonquian:
        Historical linguistics compilation of original Algonquian language roots.
    Algonquian Bibliography * Algonkian Linguistics Resources:
        Bibliographies of Algonkian language materials.



    Go on to our Algonquian Facts for Kids page
    Go on to the Indian Tribes of North America
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