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Vocabulary Words in the Caddoan Language Family

These Caddoan words are not spelled phonetically--each word is spelled according to the orthography of its own language, so if you're not familiar with these languages you will need to follow the links to see how to pronounce them. We are working on a second chart transcribed into IPA symbols. We have included twenty basic Caddoan Indian words, enough to give you a feeling for each language. All the nouns are singular and all the verbs are 3rd person singular ("he or she sings") because many Native American languages don't have a separate infinitive ("to sing") the way English and French do.

If you would like to know a Caddoan word that is not currently on our page, you can take part in our American Indian translations fundraiser or visit our main Caddoan languages site for more free resources.

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Caddoan Word Sets

English (Français) Arikara Caddo Pawnee Wichita
One (Un) Áxku Wísts'i' Ásku Chi'as
Two (Deux) Pítkux Bít Pítku Wits
Three (Trois) Táwit' Daháw' Táwit Taw
Four (Quatre) Čiití'iš Hiwi' Skítiks Takwits
Five (Cinq) Šíhux Díssikían Síhuks Iskwi'its
Man (Homme) Wiíta Shúuwi' Piíta We'its
Woman (Femme) Sápat Náttih Tsápaat Kahika
Dog (Chien) Xaátš Dìitsi' Asakis Kitsiya
Sun (Soleil) Šakuúnu Saku Sakuru Sakita
Moon (Lune) Páh Niish Páh Waw
Water (Eau) Tstoóxu' Kuukuh Kiítsu' Gits
White (Blanc) Čiišawataan Hakáayu' Taka' Kut
Yellow (Jaune) Raanustahkataan Hak'aykuh Tarkata Gawats
Red (Rouge) Čirahpahaat Hahtinu' Pahaat Kwats
Black (Noir) Katiit Hadiku' Kaatiit Ga'is

Additional Resources

   Wikipedia: Caddoan



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