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Native American Tribes of Florida

Welcome to our Florida State Facts section, part of an educational project designed to provide information about indigenous people in different U.S. states. Follow the links to the right of our tribal map for more information about the language, culture and history of each Florida tribe, or scroll below the map for Florida Indian activities including a wordsearch, fact sheets, and words from the Native American languages of Florida. Feel free to print any of these materials out for classroom use!

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American Indians in Florida

The original inhabitants of the area that is now Florida included:

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*The Apalachee tribe
*The Calusa tribe
*The Choctaw tribe
*The Creek tribe
*The Miccosukee tribe
*The Tequesta, Jeaga and Ais tribes
*The Timucua tribe

But what about the Seminole Tribe?

The Seminoles were not originally a single tribe. They were an alliance of Northern Florida and Southern Georgia natives that banded together in the 1700's to fight the European invaders, including people from the Creek, Miccosukee, Hitchiti and Oconee tribes. Later the alliance became even closer, and today the Seminoles are a united sovereign nation, even though their people speak two languages and have different cultural backgrounds.

The original homelands of Florida's Creek and Miccosukee Indians were in the northern part of the state, but since the native tribes of southern Florida had been conquered and shipped to Cuba by the Spanish, the Seminoles retreated into that area, where most Seminole people are still living today. (Other Seminoles were removed to Oklahoma by the US government.)

There are two federally recognized Indian tribes in Florida today.

Miccosukee Tribe of Indians:
Tamiami Station, PO Box 440021
Miami, FL 33144

2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Seminole Tribe of Florida:
6300 Stirling Road
Hollywood, FL 33024

The Seminole Nation has five different reservations in Florida, but all of them are governed by the same tribe. Big Cypress Indian Reservation is the largest, but the Hollywood Reservation is where the seat of the Seminole government is located.

Other Indian tribes, bands and communities remaining in Florida today include:

*Muscogee Nation of Florida:
PO Box 3028
Bruce, FL 32455

*Perdido Bay Tribe of Lower Muscogee Creeks:
12533 Polonious Pkwy
Pensacola, FL 32506

*Choctaw Nation of Florida:
Post Office Box 6322
Constitution Lane
Marianna, FL 32447

Teaching and learning activities about Florida Indian tribes:

Feel free to print these out to use at school!

*Florida Tribes Word Search: Printable puzzle hiding the names of Florida's Indian tribes.
*Florida Language Greetings: Learn to say "hello" in several Native Florida languages.
*Florida Native Animals: Learn the Native American names of Florida animals.
*Florida Indian Facts for Kids: Answers to frequently asked questions about the tribes of Florida.
    We currently have pages for the Apalachee, Calusa, Choctaws, Miccosukees, Creeks, and Seminoles.

Recommended books about Florida Native Americans
(Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links)

*Journeys With Florida's Indians:
   A good book on the pre-Seminole tribes of Florida for kids.
*Native Americans in Florida: * Florida Indians:
    Two more kids' books about Florida's Native American history and culture.
*Florida Indians and the Invasion from Europe:
   An excellent history of the native peoples of Florida.
*Encyclopedia of Florida Indians:
   Thorough reference book about the Native American tribes of Florida.
*Unconquered People: Florida's Seminole and Miccosukee Indians:
   Well-written history of the Florida Seminoles.
*Florida's Indians from Ancient Times to the Present:
   Readable book on Native American archaeology in Florida.
*Late Prehistoric Florida * Florida Native American Artifacts:
   Books of photographs and information about artifacts and ancient history from the Florida Indian tribes.
*Florida Place Names of Indian Origin:
   The native etymology of present-day place-names in Florida.
*Seminole Indians of Florida: * Florida's Seminole Wars:
    Two good books about the history of the Seminole tribe in southern Florida.

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Other resources about American Indian history, culture and society in Florida state:

*Historic Florida Indians: Information on the pre-Seminole tribes of southern Florida.
*Florida Native American Maps: Maps of Florida Indian reservations at different points in history.
*Florida Indian Tribes: Historical profiles of the Indian tribes native to Florida.
*Florida Seminole Indians: History of the Miccosukee, Creek and Seminole Indians in Florida, with many pictures.
*Aucilla River Prehistory Project: Online information about Paleo-Indian artifacts and archaeology in Florida.

Back to the index of North American Indian tribes
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