Welcome to our Florida State Facts section, part of an educational project
designed to provide information about indigenous people in different U.S. states.
Follow the links to the right of our tribal map for more information about the language, culture and history
of each Florida tribe, or scroll below the map for Florida Indian activities including a wordsearch,
fact sheets for kids about each tribe, and worksheets teaching words from the different Native American languages
of Florida. Feel free to print any of these materials out for classroom use!
American Indians in Florida
The original inhabitants of the area that is now Florida included:
The Seminoles were not originally a single tribe.
They were an alliance of Northern Florida and Southern Georgia natives that banded together in the 1700's to fight the European
invaders, including people from the Creek, Miccosukee, Hitchiti and Oconee tribes. Later the alliance became even closer, and
today the Seminoles are a united sovereign nation, even though their people speak two languages and have different
The original homelands of Florida's Creek and Miccosukee Indians were in the northern part of the state, but since the
native tribes of southern Florida had been conquered and shipped to Cuba by the Spanish, the Seminoles retreated
into that area, where most Seminole people are still living today. (Other Seminoles were removed to Oklahoma by the
There are two federally recognized Indian tribes in Florida today.
The Seminole Nation has five different reservations in Florida, but all of them are governed by the
same tribe. Big Cypress Indian Reservation is the largest, but the Hollywood Reservation is where
the seat of the Seminole government is located.
Other Indian tribes, bands and communities remaining in Florida today include:
Muscogee Nation of Florida:
PO Box 3028
Bruce, FL 32455