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Native Languages of the Americas:
Gabrielino Legends, Myths, and Stories (Kizh, Tongva)

This is our collection of links to Gabrielino folktales and traditional stories that can be read online. We have indexed our Native American legends section by tribe to make them easier to locate; however, variants on the same legend are often told by American Indians from different tribes, especially if those tribes are kinfolk or neighbors to each other. In particular, though these legends come from the Gabrielinos, the traditional stories of related tribes like the Cahuilla and Luiseno tribes are very similar.

Enjoy the stories! If you would like to recommend a Gabrielino legend for this page or think one of the ones on here should be removed, please let us know.

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Gabrielino Mythological Figures

Quaoar (also spelled Kwawar Qua-o-ar, Quaguar, or Kwa'uwar): The Gabrielino creator god, who created the other gods and later the world by singing and dancing them into existence. His name means "Creator" and is pronounced similar to quah-o-arr. He is equivalent to Chungichnish, the creator god of the neighboring Luiseno and Juaneno tribes, and indeed the Gabrielinos occasionally refer to Quaoar by his Luiseno-Juaneno name (and vice versa.)

Sky Coyote (Tukupar Itar, in the Tongva language): Coyote is the trickster hero of the Gabrielino tribe. As in many Native American traditions of the Southwest, Gabrielino stories about Coyote range from light-hearted tales of mischief and buffoonery to more serious stories in which Coyote helps mankind.

Tolmalok (also spelled Tolmolak): Some websites identify Tolmalok as another name for Coyote, but this is an error. Tolmalok is the name of the Gabrielino goddess of the underworld.

Weywot: Sky Father, the Tongva god of the sky. He was the first of Quaoar's creations.

Chehooit: Earth Mother, the Tongva earth goddess.

Tamit and Moar: The sun and moon, respectively.

Manisar: The Gabrielino goddess of the harvest.

Tobohar and Pahavit (sometimes spelled Pabavit): The first man and woman.

Gabrielino Indian Stories

*About Quaoar:
    Summary of the Tongva myth of creation.
*Mythology of the Mission Indians:
    Collection of Tongva and other Mission Indian myths and legends.
*Mythology of Southern California:
    Early 20th-century collection of Gabrielino and other California Indian legends.

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Additional Resources

 Gabrielino religion and expressive traditions
 Gabrielino tribe
 Books of Indian legends
 Native American spiritual beliefs
 California people
 California culture region
 Uto-Aztecan family
 American Indian language translation

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