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Native Languages of the Americas:
Gabrielino Legends, Myths, and Stories (Kizh, Tongva)
This is our collection of links to Gabrielino folktales and traditional stories that can be read online.
We have indexed our Native American legends section
by tribe to make them easier to locate; however, variants on the same
legend are often told by American Indians from different tribes, especially if those tribes are kinfolk or neighbors to
each other. In particular, though these legends come from the Gabrielinos, the traditional stories of
related tribes like the Cahuilla and
Luiseno tribes are very similar.
Enjoy the stories! If you would like to recommend a Gabrielino legend for this page or think one of the ones on here
should be removed, please let us know.
Quaoar (also spelled Kwawar
Qua-o-ar, Quaguar, or Kwa'uwar):
The Gabrielino creator god, who created the other gods and later the world by singing and dancing
them into existence. His name means "Creator" and is pronounced similar to quah-o-arr. He is equivalent
to Chungichnish, the creator god of the neighboring Luiseno and Juaneno tribes, and indeed the
Gabrielinos occasionally refer to Quaoar by his Luiseno-Juaneno name (and vice versa.)
Sky Coyote (Tukupar Itar, in the Tongva
language): Coyote is the trickster hero of the Gabrielino tribe. As in many Native American traditions
of the Southwest, Gabrielino stories about Coyote range from light-hearted tales of mischief and buffoonery to more serious
stories in which Coyote helps mankind.
Tolmalok (also spelled
Tolmolak): Some websites identify Tolmalok as another name for Coyote, but this is an error.
Tolmalok is the name of the Gabrielino goddess of the underworld.
Sky Father, the Tongva god of the sky. He was the first of Quaoar's creations.
Earth Mother, the Tongva earth goddess.
Tamit and Moar:
The sun and moon, respectively.
The Gabrielino goddess of the harvest.
Tobohar and Pahavit
(sometimes spelled Pabavit):
The first man and woman.
Summary of the Tongva myth of creation.
Mythology of the Mission Indians:
Collection of Tongva and other Mission Indian myths and legends.
Mythology of Southern California:
Early 20th-century collection of Gabrielino and other California Indian legends.
Gabrielino religion and expressive traditions
Books of Indian legends
Native American spiritual beliefs
California culture region
American Indian language translation
Back to Native American monsters and spirits
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Learn more about the Gabrielino Tongva tribe
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