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Gabrielino (Tongva) Language
Gabrielino was a
Uto-Aztecan language of Southern California closely related to
Language loss has been especially
severe in California, where enslavement and violence against Indian peoples were not actively discouraged, and the
Gabrielino language has not been spoken since the 1940's, although some younger people hope to revive its use.
Survey of California Indian Languages: Gabrielino:
Profile of the Gabrielino language from the University of California at Berkeley.
Gabrieliño Language Tree:
Theories about Gabrelino's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Gabrieleno/Tongva Tribe of San Gabriel
Official homepage of the Southern California Gabrielinos.
Article on Tongva Indian history and land struggles.
Collection of Gabrielino Indian legends and folktales.
Gabrielino writers, their lives and work.
Four Directions Institute: Gabrielino Tribe
Profile and historical timeline of the Gabrielino Indians. Also with links.
Tonga Deer Stew Gesatho Acorn Pancake Recipe Islay Bread:
Traditional Tongva recipes.
The First Angelinos: The Gabrielino Indians of Los Angeles
Good book on Gabrielino history and culture for sale online.
Gabrielino Native Americans The Tongva Indians of California
Kids' books on the Gabrielino tribe and their culture.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Information on the Tongva language in Spanish.
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Siksika Nation high school
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