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Galice Creek Indians (Taltushtuntede, Applegate)
Language: Galice-Applegate was an Athabascan language once spoken on the
Oregon coast by the Taltushtuntede (Galice Creek) and
Dakubetede (Applegate Creek) bands.
It may have been most closely related to Tututni.
Like many other West Coast Indian tribes, the Taltushtuntude and Dakubetede Athabaskans were relocated to the
in California during the 1800's, where they were merged with other native peoples
and their language rapidly vanished. Few records of the Galice-Applegate language remain, but it was
probably an agglutinative language
with SOV word order like other West Coast Athabaskan languages.
Names: Galice and Applegate appear to have been two dialects of a single language-- little language material has survived,
but historical texts suggest the two tribes could communicate easily. The Galice people called themselves Taltushtuntede, and
the Applegate called themelves Dakubetede or Nabiltse. The names "Galice" and "Applegate" were given to them by colonists
based on the French and English names of rivers that run through their tribal territory, Galice Creek and Applegate River.
They are also sometimes collectivtely known as Upper Rogue River Athabaskans, since Galice and Applegate are both tributaries of
the Rogue River. Alternate spellings of these names include Galice-Applegate, Dakubetude,
Taltushtuntude, Ta Idassdani or Taltush-Tuntude.
Galice-Applegate Language Tree:
Theories about Galice's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Galice demographic information from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Books for sale on the Galice Indians
A Guide to the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest:
Our organization earns a commission from any book bought through these links
Book on the history of the Northwest Coast tribes, including a section on the Taltushtuntude.
The People Are Dancing Again:
Interesting book on cultural revival among the Siletz tribes of Oregon.
Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians
Homepage of the Siletz reservation, where most Galice and Applegate Creek Athapascans live today
along with survivors from several other Oregon tribes.
Oregon Tribal Map Tribes and Bands of Traditional Oregon:
Map showing the location of Applegate and Galice territories in Oregon.
West Coast Athabaskans
Brief history of the Applegates, Galices, and other Oregon Athabascan tribes from the University of Oregon.
Oregon Indian Tribes
Fact sheet about the Applegate/Galice Creek and other Oregon Indian tribes.
Four Directions: Galice Creek:
Timeline and links about Galice history.
Rogue River War of 1855-1856: Rogue River Wars:
History of conflicts between Americans and the indigenous Rogue River Indians of Oregon.
Siletz Cultural Objects:
Museum exhibit with photos of artifacts from the tribes of the Siletz Reservation.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Reference list of Galice language materials.
La Lengua Galice-Applegate:
Information on the Galice language in Spanish.
Encyclopedia articles on the Galice tribe and other Pacific Coast Athabaskans.
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