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Galice Creek Indians (Taltushtuntede, Applegate)

Language: Galice-Applegate was an Athabascan language once spoken on the Oregon coast by the Taltushtuntede (Galice Creek) and Dakubetede (Applegate Creek) bands. It may have been most closely related to Tututni. Like many other West Coast Indian tribes, the Taltushtuntude and Dakubetede Athabaskans were relocated to the Siletz Reservation in California during the 1800's, where they were merged with other native peoples and their language rapidly vanished. Few records of the Galice-Applegate language remain, but it was probably an agglutinative language with SOV word order like other West Coast Athabaskan languages.

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Names: Galice and Applegate appear to have been two dialects of a single language-- little language material has survived, but historical texts suggest the two tribes could communicate easily. The Galice people called themselves Taltushtuntede, and the Applegate called themelves Dakubetede or Nabiltse. The names "Galice" and "Applegate" were given to them by colonists based on the French and English names of rivers that run through their tribal territory, Galice Creek and Applegate River. They are also sometimes collectivtely known as Upper Rogue River Athabaskans, since Galice and Applegate are both tributaries of the Rogue River. Alternate spellings of these names include Galice-Applegate, Dakubetude, Taltushtuntude, Ta Idassdani or Taltush-Tuntude.

Galice Language Resources

Galice-Applegate Language Tree:
    Theories about Galice's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Galice Language
     Galice demographic information from the Ethnologue of Languages.

Books for sale on the Galice Indians
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A Guide to the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest:
    Book on the history of the Northwest Coast tribes, including a section on the Taltushtuntude.
The People Are Dancing Again:
    Interesting book on cultural revival among the Siletz tribes of Oregon.

Galice Culture and History Links

Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians
     Homepage of the Siletz reservation, where most Galice and Applegate Creek Athapascans live today
     along with survivors from several other Oregon tribes.
Oregon Tribal Map * Tribes and Bands of Traditional Oregon:
    Map showing the location of Applegate and Galice territories in Oregon.
West Coast Athabaskans
     Brief history of the Applegates, Galices, and other Oregon Athabascan tribes from the University of Oregon.
Oregon Indian Tribes
     Fact sheet about the Applegate/Galice Creek and other Oregon Indian tribes.
Four Directions: Galice Creek:
    Timeline and links about Galice history.
Rogue River War of 1855-1856: * Rogue River Wars:
    History of conflicts between Americans and the indigenous Rogue River Indians of Oregon.
Siletz Cultural Objects:
    Museum exhibit with photos of artifacts from the tribes of the Siletz Reservation.

Links, References, and Additional Information

  OLAC: Galice:
  Reference list of Galice language materials.
  La Lengua Galice-Applegate:
  Information on the Galice language in Spanish.
  Wikipedia: Galice:
  Encyclopedia articles on the Galice tribe and other Pacific Coast Athabaskans.

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