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Guahibo Indian Language (Sicuani, Sikuani, Hiwi)

Language: Guahibo is a Guahiboan language of South America. Guahibo is a polysynthetic language with primarily SOV word order that is spoken by around 30,000 people in Colombia and Venezuela.

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Names: "Guahibo" is the Arawak name for their tribe. In their own language they call themselves Hiwi, which means "the people," and their language Hiwihume. A third name, Sikuani, also comes from their own language, and means "living in the wild." However, since there was a recent history of "Sikuani" being used in a derogatory way, most of the people today prefer Guahibo or Hiwi. Alternate spellings of these names include Guajibo, Wahibo, Goahibo, Goahiva, Guayba, Guaiba, and Guaigua; Jiwi, Jivi, Hivi, Jiwijume; Sicuani, Sukani, and Sikwani. Major Guahibo subgroups include the Amorua (or Rio Tomo Guahibo), the Tigrero, and the Vichadeño (or Rio Vichada Guahibo.)

Guahibo Language
Guahibo language samples and resources.

Guahibo Culture and History
Information and links about the Guahibo tribe past and present.

Guahibo Language Resources

Our Online Guahibo Materials

Guahibo Words:
    Our list of vocabulary words in the Guahibo language.
Guahibo Pronunciation Guide:
    How to pronounce Guahibo words.

Guahibo Dictionaries and Language Books for Sale
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Syntaxe Sikuani:
    Linguistics book on the Sikuani (Guahibo) language. Book is in French.
Languages of the Amazon:
    Linguistic information about Guahibo and dozens of other languages of the Amazon.

Guahibo Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

Northern Colombia Language Map:
    Map showing the location in South America where the Guajibo language is spoken.
Guahibo Language * Guahibo Phonology * Guahibo Vowels * Guahibo Orthography * Guahibo Text * Lengua Guahibo:
    Scanned-in Guahibo language texts from the Rosetta Project.
Guahibo Phonology:
    Linguistic chart of phonemes in the Guahibo language.
House of Languages: Sikuani/Guahibo * Macaguan * Playero:
    Information about Guahibo language usage.
Guajibo Language Tree:
    Theories about Guahibo's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Guahibo Language Structures:
    Guahibo linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Guahibo Papers:
    Archive of linguistics papers on Guahibo, in English and Spanish.
The Guahibo of Colombia: The Pen is Mightier Than Bow and Arrow:
    History of education and literacy among the Guahibo Indians.
Vocabulario Sikuani:
    Video teaching words and phrases in the Guahibo language. In Spanish.
Guahibo Genesis Translation * Guahibo Bible * The Lord's Prayer in Guahibo * Language Museum: Guahibo:
    Guajibo Words of Life: * The Bible in Guahibo:
    Translations of Bible passages and Christian prayers into Guahibo.
Mi Lengua Sikuani * Diccionario de la Lengua Sikuani:
    PDF files of Spanish-Guahibo dictionaries.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

  Endangered Languages Project: Guajibo:
  Bibliography of Guajibo language resources.
  OLAC: Guahibo:
  Reference list of Guahibo language materials.
  Wikipedia: Guajibo * Guahibo:
  Encyclopedia articles written about the Guahibo language.
  La Lengua Wahivo * Idioma Sikuani * Los Guajibos * Lengua Guahibo * Grupo Indígena Guahibo:
  Information about the Guahibos and their language in Spanish.
  Guahibo Resources:
  Guahibo links.

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