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Guale Indians

The Guale Indians were a moundbuilding tribe of the Georgia coast, allies of the Creek Indians. Their language was poorly attested, but appears to have been Muskogean. The Guales no longer exist as a distinct tribe. They merged into the Creek and Yamasee tribes after a devastating smallpox epidemic. Most Guale descendants live among the Creeks today, although some may have retreated into Florida along with members of other southern tribes and ended up joining the Seminole Nation.

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Names: Their tribal name was actually pronounced wah-leh; it was spelled Guale by the Spanish because they had no letter "w" in their alphabet before the 1800's. The meaning of "Guale" (or Wale) was never recorded, but it is very similar to the words for "south" in living Muskogean languages, such as the Muskogee word "wvhvlv" (pronounced wuh-hah-luh) and the Hitchiti word "wahali" (pronounced wuh-hah-lee.)

Guale Language Resources

MultiTree: Guale:
    Theories about Guale's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Guale Language Dictionary:
    Small Guale wordlist from the 1600's.

Books for sale on the Guale Indians
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Murder and Martyrdom in Spanish Florida: Don Juan and the Guale Uprising of 1597:
    Book on the history of the Guale Rebellion against the Spanish.
Stability and Change in Guale Indian Pottery:
    Book on Guale archaeology.

Guale Culture and History Links

Georgia Indian Tribes:
    Map of Georgia showing the region where the Guale people and their neighbors lived.
Tribal Lands of the Southeast:
    Map of Southeastern US tribes including the Guale.
Guale Tribe History: * Guale Indians:
    Early 20th-century articles about the Guale people.
Mission Santa Catalina de Guale:
    History of the mission the Spanish built to convert the Guale Natives.
The Gullah-Geechee and the Guale:
    Article explaining the difference between the Guale language and the African-English creole Geeche Gullah.
Four Directions: Guale:
    Timeline and links about important events in Guale history.
Native American History of St, Simon's Island:
    The Timucuan and Guale history of the Sea Islands of Georgia.
Juanillo's Revolt: * Chief Juanillo:
    History of the Guale chief called Juanillo and his revolt against Christian missionaries who tried to remove him from power.
Historic Indian Period Archaeology of the Georgia Coast:
    Online anthropology work with in-depth information about the Guale way of life.

Links, References, and Additional Information

   Wikipedia: Guales:
   Wikipedia entry on the Guale Indians.
   Los Indios Guale: * Tribus Muskogeanas:
   Information about the Guale and other Muskogean tribes in Spanish.

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