Huichol is a Uto-Aztecan language of central Mexico,
spoken by about 20,000 people in the states of Jalisco and Nayarit. Huichol is a musical language with
complex morphology (particularly in its long, agglutinative verbs.)
Names: The name Huichol comes from the Nahuatl word for the tribe; their name for
themselves in their own language is Wixáritari, and their language is called Wixárika.
Although some Wixaritari people today dislike the term "Huichol," most of them now use it to refer
to themselves, especially in Spanish. Other names the Huichols are sometimes known by include
Vaniuki, Guisar, and Tecual. Other common spellings of these names include Huichola, Huichole,
Huicholas, Wichol, Guichol, Huitzol, Wixaritari, Vixaritari, Vizaritari, Wixarika, Wixarica, Vixarika, Wixarrika, Wirrarika,
Vaniuqui, Vixaritari Vaniuqui, and Vizaritari Vaniuki.