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Native Languages of the Americas:
Juaneno Indian Legends, Myths, and Stories

This is our collection of links to Juaneno folktales and traditional stories that can be read online. We have indexed our Native American myths section by tribe to make them easier to locate; however, variants on the same story are often told by American Indians from different tribes, especially if those tribes are kinfolk or neighbors to each other. In particular, though these legends come from the Juanenos, the traditional stories of related tribes like the Gabrielino and Luiseno tribes are very similar.

Enjoy the stories! If you would like to recommend a Juaneno legend for this page or think one of the ones on here should be removed, please let us know.

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Juaneno Mythological Figures

Nocuma (also spelled Nocoma, Nocumo, Tu'kma, Tukma and other ways): The primordial Juaneno creator god, who created the earth and stuck a black rock called Tosaut (or Tu-cait) through its center to keep it in place.

Ouiot (also spelled Owiot, Owiyot, Wiyot, and other ways): The legendary first chief of humanity. According to Juaneno stories his people became tired of his rule (because he had become either cruel or incompetent) and poisoned him, causing his death.

Chinigchinich: The main god worshipped by the Juanenos, who rose to prominence after the death of Ouiot. He has gone by many different names including Saor, Quagar, Tobet, Ouiamot, and others. He created the Juaneno tribe (who supplanted the previous people that once had been led by Ouiot) and taught them morality and the arts of civilization before departing for the stars, where he is still considered to be watching over the Mission Indians today.

Juaneno Indian Stories

*Acjachemen Creation Myths:
    Two differing versions of the Juaneno creation myth.
*Mythology of the Mission Indians:
    Online book of Juaneno and other Mission Indian myths and legends.

Recommended Books on Juaneno Mythology

Chinigchinich:
    Description of Juaneño mythology and religious traditions by a 19th-century Spanish friar.

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Additional Resources

 Juaneno religion and expressive traditions
 The Religion of the Indians of California
 Books of American Indian folktalkes
 Indian religion
 California Native American tribes
 California culture area
 Uto-Aztecan language
 Indian website



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