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Karuk Language (Karok)

Karuk is a native language of California, most closely related to Shasta and Chimariko. Some linguists have considered it to be a member of the larger Hokan family of languages. The Karuk language has been in decline, but some young people are working to keep their ancestral language alive.

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Karok Language
Karok language samples and resources.

Karok Culture and History
Information and links about the Karok Indians past and present.

Karok Indians Fact Sheet
Our answers to common questions about the lifestyle of Karok Indian people.

Karok Legends
Introduction to Karok Indian mythology.

Karuk Language Resources

Our Online Karok Materials

Karok Vocabulary
     Our list of vocabulary words in the Karok language, with comparison to words in other Hokan languages.
Karok Animal Words:
     Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Karok language.

Karok Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

Now You're Talking Karuk!
     Audio files of Karuk Indian words and phrases.
Karuk Language
     Several glossed Karuk texts and an unfinished dictionary by linguist William Bright.
Karok Song Gallery
     Audio files of traditional songs sung by Karok Indians.
Karuk Language Program
     Information and language labels from the Karuk tribe's language department.
California Indian Placenames:
     California place names in Karuk, Pomo, and Wintu.
Language Museum: Karok Tribe:
    Karuk language sample.
Linguistic Families of Northern California * Pre-Contact California Tribal Territories:
    Maps showing where in California the Karuk language is spoken.
Pacific Northwest Language Domains:
    Language map of Karok and other Northwest Coast languages of Washington, Oregon and California.
House of Languages: Karok:
    Information about Karok language usage.
Ethnologue: Karok:
     Demographic information about the Karok language.
*Survey of California Indian Languages: Karuk:
    Profile of the Karuk language from the University of California at Berkeley.
Karok Language Tree:
    Theories about Karuk's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Karok Language Structures:
    Karok linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
*Hokan Comparative Vocabulary:
    Early 20th-century wordlists of Shasta, Achomawi and Karok.

Karok Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
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Karuk Dictionary:
    Bill Bright's definitive Karuk-English dictionary.
Ararapikva: Traditional Karuk Indian Literature from Northwestern California:
    Collection of Karok legends and traditional stories, in Karok and English.
Flutes of Fire:
    Interesting collection of essays about Karuk and other California Indian languages.
American Indian Language Dictionaries:
    Karuk and other American Indian dictionaries and language materials for sale.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

Karuk Language:
Encyclopedia articles on the Karuk Indian language.
Karok language links.
Lengua Karok:
Articles on the Karuk language in Spanish.
Learning Karuk:
Bibliography of Karuk language learning resources.

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