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Keres Pueblo Language (Keresan, Queresan, Queres)
The languages spoken by the Pueblo people of Acoma, Cochiti, Laguna, San Felipe,
Santa Ana, Santo Domingo, and Zia Pueblos are so closely related that linguists usually consider them dialects of a single language, known as Keres
or Keresan. This Keresan language is not related at all to the Kiowa-Tanoan languages
spoken by most of the other Pueblo people of New Mexico, however.
The Keres language is spoken by nearly 11,000 people in the American Southwest today.
As with Tiwa, Tewa and Towa, there is some disagreement among the Keres people as to whether Keres should be a written language or not. Some Pueblo
elders feel that their languages should be preserved by oral traditions alone. However, many Keres speakers have decided that literacy is important for
passing the language on to the children. The Keres-speaking pueblos have developed their own orthography (spelling system) for their language, and
today there are programs teaching Pueblo children to read and write in five of the seven Keres-speaking pueblos.
Keres language samples and resources.
Keres Culture and History
Information and links about the Keres tribe past and present.
Pueblo Culture and History
Information and links about the Pueblo Indians in general.
Introduction to Pueblo Indian mythology.
Our Online Keres Materials
Our list of vocabulary words in the Keres language (from Cochiti and Laguna Pueblos.)
Keres Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions
Audio files of a few Keresan words, with an interesting discussion about whether or not Keres should be a written language today.
El Morro Vocabulary:
Online dictionary of words from the Keres, Zuni and Navajo languages.
Overview of Keres and other Pueblo languages from the Encyclopedia of North American Indians.
Southwestern place names in Keres, Tiwa, Tewa, Jemez, and Zuni.
House of Languages: Keres:
Information about Keresan language usage.
Ethnologue: Eastern Keres: Ethnologue: Western Keres:
Demographic information about the Keres language.
Eastern Keres Language Tree Western Keres Language Tree:
Theories about Keres's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Santa Ana Keresan Language Structures Acoma Keresan Language Structures:
Keres linguistic profiles and academic bibliographies.
Additional Resources, Links, and References
Information about the Keres language in Spanish.
Keres Indian books.
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