Foxes play a variety of roles in Native American mythology from different tribes. In some
Southwestern tribes and many tribes of Mexico, Fox is the irreverant trickster character more
often portrayed by Coyote in North American folklore. In some tribes of Northern California,
Silver Fox is a wise and benevolent Creator god. In other tribes, such as the Blackfoot and
Apache, Fox is associated with fire and the sun, and according to some myths, it was Fox who
stole fire to bring to the people. The Arapahos associate Kit Fox with the sacred pipe.
In the Northeast, Midwest and Plains tribes,
Fox is generally a minor animal spirit associated with intelligence and wisdom, who occasionally
help people or animals to solve a problem or punishes somebody careless or arrogant.
Among Quechua and other Andean Indians, Fox appears frequently in folktales as a thief and greedy
scoundrel, and seeing a fox is usually considered a bad omen in those cultures.
Foxes are common clan animals in many Native American cultures. Tribes with Fox Clans
include the Creek (whose Fox Clan is named Tsulalgi or Culvlke,) the Menominee, and the Hopi.
In the Hopi tribe, fox skins are also used as dance regalia by kachina dancers and as kiva
adornments during ceremonies. The Kit Fox Society (also known as the
Swift Fox Warriors) was one of the major warrior societies of the Blackfoot tribe and is still an
important organization today.
Native American Fox Gods and Spirits
Fox-Woman (Anishinabe/Cree) Letaiyo Kachina (Hopi) Memekueshu, the Fox Master (Innu) Silver Fox (Northern California tribes)