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Native American Groundhog Mythology
The groundhog is sometimes also known as the woodchuck, a name that derives from
a Native American word for the animal which was originally recorded as wuchak.
The most common question we get about groundhogs is whether "Groundhog Day" and the
folk belief that the shadows of groundhogs can predict the weather comes from Native American
lore. The answer to this is: No, it does not. It is true that there are many Native American legends
about the behavior of animals predicting the weather, but in this case, the groundhog folktale is
European in origin. It traces back to an old German belief about weather-predicting badgers, which
the Pennsylvania Dutch brought with them to the United States in the 18th century and applied to
the new animal.
Groundhogs are not prominent animals in Native American mythology, and we do not know of
any tribe with a groundhog clan or totem. The Tlingit of Alaska do have a clan symbol called the
Groundhog Crest, but the animal represented in this crest is actually a hoary marmot, not a
groundhog. The Wabanaki tribes of New England and
the Canadian Maritimes do have a mythological groundhog character, named Grandmother Woodchuck,
who is the adoptive grandmother of their culture hero Glooskap. She is usually depicted as a wise
elder whose patience and wisdom teaches lessons to the good-hearted but often impetuous
Glooskap. The Cherokee also have a Groundhog Dance
among their tribal dance traditions.
Native American Groundhog Gods and Spirits
Grandmother Woodchuck (Abenaki)
Native American Legends About Groundhogs
Article about the meaning of groundhog myths in Wabanaki Indian mythology.
Gluscabi and the Wind Eagle Abenaki Tobacco Story:
Wabanaki Indian stories about the culture hero Glooskap and his wise grandmother Groundhog.
Recommended Books of Groundhog Stories from Native American Myth and Legend
Native American Animal Stories:
Great collection of American Indian tales about animals, told by Abenaki storyteller Joseph Bruchac.
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