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Lenape Culture and History

As a complement to our Lenape language information, we would like to share our collection of indexed links about the Lenape people and various aspects of their society. This website emphasizes American Indians as living people with a present and a future as well as a past. Lenape history is interesting and important, but the Lenape are still here today, too, and we try to feature modern authors as well as traditional folklore, contemporary artwork as well as museum pieces, and the issues and struggles of today as well as the tragedies of yesterday. Suggestions for new links are always welcome.

Our Lenape Websites

Lenape Language:
    Information and language learning materials from the Lenape Indian language.
Lenape Facts for Kids:
    Questions and answers about Lenape culture.
Lenape Legends:
    Collection of Lenape Indian legends and folktales.

Lenape Tribal and Community Websites

Delaware Tribe of Indians:
    Homepage of the Bartlesville Lenape Band, offering Delaware Indian history, legends, and government information.
Sand Hill Lenape-Cherokee Band * Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Indians * Pennsylvania Lenape Nation:
    Thunder Mountain Lenapé Nation * Ramapough Lenape Indian Nation:
    Tribal groups of Lenape descendents in New Jersey and Pennsylvania.
Lenape Lifeways:
    Nonprofit organization preserving and interpreting Lenni Lenape prehistory in New Jersey.
Lightning Valley Lenapè:
    Cultural organization for Lenape Indian descendants in southwestern Pennsylvania.
Standing Bear:
    Personal homepage of a Lenape-Nanticoke man, with links and resources.
Mèssochwen Tëme:
    Personal homepage of an Eastern Lenape writer.

Maps of Lenape Lands

Lenni-Lenape: The "Original People":
    Map of the Schuylkill Watershed labeled with Lenape placenames.
Lenape Delaware Forced Migrations:
    Map showing the westward travels of the Lenape people during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Indians of Indiana:
    History of tribal migrations through Indiana, with a map showing the Lenape journeys.
New Jersey Indian Map * New York Indian Map * Delaware Indian Map * Pennsylvania Indian Map * Maryland Indian Map:
    Tribal maps showing the original territory of the Delaware tribes and their neighbors.

Lenape Lifestyle and Tradition

The Lenapes:
    Information and pictures about Lenape life in the past.
The Delaware River Lenapes:
    Ethnography of the Lenape Indians of eastern Pennsylvania.
Algonquians of the Eastern Woodlands:
    Ethnography of the Delaware and other Eastern Canadian tribes.
The Delaware Indians:
    Article on Delaware history and culture.
The Lenni Lenape/Delaware Flag:
    Seal and flag of the Delaware Tribe.
Delaware Nation License Plate:
    Oklahoma Delaware license plates.
Mid-Atlantic Tribal Clothing * Delaware Indian Clothes * Indian Costume * Indian Headband * Indian Hair Styles:
    Sketches and photographs of traditional Powhatan and Delaware costume.
Lenape Wedding:
    Scroll past the poem for a good picture of a Lenape woman's marriage outfit.
Delaware Clothing Styles:
    Detailed discussion of Fox, Huron, and Delaware basic dress, regalia, and hairstyles.
Lenape Moccasins:
    Pictures of Lenape moccasin styles.
Lenape Frybread Recipe * Lenape Corn Soup * Delaware Deer Pie * Wilted Lettuce * Indian Cake:
    Traditional Lenape Delaware recipes.
Lenape Football:
    History and rules of Pahsaheman, a traditional Lenape ball game played between men and women.
Delaware Gender Roles:
    Lenape Indian gender, sex, and childbearing traditions.
Delaware Indians:
    Articles on Lenape history, traditional culture, and place names in Eastern Pennsylvania.

Lenape Religion and Myth

Lenape Legends:
    Collection of Lenape Indian legends and folktales.
Lenape Myth:
    Mythology of the Lenape.
The Wallum Olum * Walam Olum: Its Origin and Authenticity * The Lenni-Lenape and the Red Record:
    The Walam Olum of Constantine Rafinesque * The Walam Olam:
    Websites about the Walam Olum (Red Record or Score). Today the Walam Olum is thought to have been a hoax
    by a white writer, but some Delaware people believe he based his writing on real Lenape stories.
Delaware Medicine:
    Lenape herbalism, folk remedies and lore.
American Indian Religion:
    Advice for people researching traditional Lenape religion and other American Indian spirituality.

Lenape Literature and Arts

Delaware Authors * Daniel David Moses * Jack D. Forbes:
    Lenape authors, their lives and work.
Native American Authors: Carolyn Attneave * In Memoriam: Carolyn Attneave:
    Carolyn Attneave, Cherokee-Delaware psychologist and philosopher.
Nanticoke Lenape Pow Wow * Lenni Lenape Powwow:
    Photographs, music and dance information from Lenape powwows.
Native American Crafts:
    Information, photographs and links about Lenape and other native art.

Lenape Politics, Issues, and News

Delaware Nation News:
    Current events and issues updated by a Western Delaware man.
Protection of ancient Lenni Lenape site * Saving the Black Creek Site:
    Lenape efforts to protect a sacred site in New Jersey from development.
Cherokee Nation v. Delaware Tribe of Indians:
    Recent legal dispute between the Cherokee and Delaware Native Americans.

Lenape History and Education

The Delawares:
    Overview of Delaware Indian history from a Lenape author, including the Delaware tribe's interactions with the Hopewells and Mound-Builders.
Delaware History:
    Compact tribal history of the Lenape Indians.
Lenape Delaware History:
    Archive of Lenape historical documents including articles, biographies, treaties, and genealogical records.
The Lenni-Lenape of New Jersey:
    History of interactions between the Lenape Indians and the European colonists.
Ramapough Mountain History * Powhatan-Renape History * Nanticoke-Lenni Lenape History:
    Lenape Indian history from three New Jersey bands.
Delaware Tribe:
    History of the Lenape Indians in Ohio.
Lenape Programs:
    School presentations on Lenape culture and history by a Lenape descendant.
21st Century Look at a Lenape Tribe in Berks County:
    Lesson plan on the history and culture of the Pennsylvania Lenape people.
The Prophet Neolin * The Delaware Prophet * Neolin:
    Articles about Neolin, the 18th-century Lenape religious orator who inspired Chief Pontiac.

Lenape Genealogy

Delaware Geneology:
    Genealogical guide from the Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape tribe of New Jersey.
Ancestor Search:
    Online lookup of Lenape and other Indian records through the Archives genealogy service.
Delaware Genealogy Forum:
    Messageboard for Lenape Delaware descendants.
Native American Geneology:
    Direction for those seeking Lenape and other American Indian ancestors.

Books for sale on the Lenape

Western Oklahoma Delaware * Leni Lenape Language Programs * Lenape Language Course:
    Lenape language-learning audio courses.
Delaware-English/English-Delaware Dictionary * Vocabulary of New Jersey Delaware:
    An Ancient New Jersey Indian Jargon * Denny's Delaware Vocabulary * Cummings' Delaware Vocabulary:
    Unami Delaware dictionaries.
The Delaware Tribe: A History:
    In-depth study of Lenape history, culture, and traditions.
Legends of the Delawares * Mythology of the Lenape:
    Collections of Lenape folktales.
When the Shadbush Blooms:
    Beautiful picture book by a Lenape author illustrating Native American life in the past and present.
Rainbow Crow:
    Picture book illustrating a Lenape legend about the origin of fire.
Delicate Bodies * Almighty Voice and His Wife:
    Poems and plays by Canadian Lenape author Daniel David Moses.
Oklahoma Delaware Ceremonies:
    Frank G. Speck's classic ethnography of the Delaware tribe.
Physical Anthropology Of The Lenape Or Delawares:
    Anthropological text on the Delaware tribe.
Native American Books:
    Evolving list of books about the Delawares and Native Americans in general.

Links, References, and Additional Information

   Delaware People * Lenni-Lenape * Delawares:
   Encyclopedia articles about the Lenape.
   Los Delaware * Pueblos Delaware:
   Information about the Lenape tribe in Spanish.
   Delaware:
   Lenape links.



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