Legendary Native American Figures: Flint (Tawiscara, Hahgwehdaetgan, Warty)
Name: Flint Tribal affiliation:Iroquois, Huron, Anishinabe Native names: Tawiscara, Tawiskara, Tawiscaron, Tawiskarong, Tawiskala, Tawiscala, Thawiskaron,
Tawis-karong, Taweskare, Tawiskalu, Tawiskaru, Tawisara, Taweskara, Tawiskaron, Tawihskaron, Tawihskare, Awiscaron,
Ta'weh-ska'roongk, Ta'we-ska'roongk, Ta-wehskah-sooh-nyk, Ta'we-ska'reh, Tah-weh-skah-reh, Sawiskera;
Hahgwehdaetgan, Hawgwehdaetgah, Ma-Negoategeh; Othagwenda, Otragwenda;
Chakekenapok, Chokanipok, Mikwam Also known as: Warty, Bad Mind, Bad Spirit, Left-Handed Twin Type:Evil spirit, stone Related figures in other tribes:Malsum (Wabanaki)
In many Iroquoian and some Algonquian legends, the culture hero has a twin brother or younger brother named Flint
who killed their mother in childbirth, usually by intentionally cutting his way out rather than waiting to be born.
In Iroquois stories this spirit is often malevolent and goes on to create hardships for humans and fight with his brother.
In Algonquian legends, the character of Flint does not generally commit any further crimes or problems other than the
death of his mother. In many tribes, Flint is associated with winter, night, and death.
In Iroquois mythology, Flint (Tawiscara or Tawiskaron in the Iroquois languages) is
one of the twin grandsons of the mother goddess
He is often, though not always, associated with evil, like the Bad Spirit or Evil Mind of the Cayugas.
Flint's brother is the creator god Sky-Holder.
Sometimes they are said to have created humans together, thus explaining why people have both good and evil nature.
In some Iroquois myths, Flint is a sociopathic villain, intentionally killing his own mother and deceiving his grandmother
into believing his brother was the killer. Eventually, he must be defeated and imprisoned by his brother.
In other Iroquois traditions, Flint is more of a trickster figure than a villain, and causes destruction
merely because of his chaotic nature. Flint and Sky-Holder are sometimes said to exist in a kind of cosmic balance,
with both light and darkness being necessary for life.
Flint is less prominent in Algonquian mythology, but is sometimes described as the youngest brother of
the Anishinabe hero Nanabozho or the twin brother of
the Wabanaki hero Glooscap.
Some of his Algonquian names are Chakekenapok (Potawatomi) and Mikwam (Ojibwe.) In some stories the culture hero
kills him to avenge their mother's death in childbirth, but in other stories, Flint remains as one of the seasonal or directional