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Nanaimo Tribe (Snuneymuxw)

The Nanaimo Indians are a Salishan tribe of Canada, relatives of the Cowichan and Stolo First Nations. The Nanaimos speak a dialect of the Halkomelem language. The name Nanaimo is a corruption of their name for their band in Halkomelem, Snuneymuxw, which means "great people." (Other spellings that have been used include Snanaimo, Snanaimoq, and Snanaimuk.) The Snuneymuxw First Nation is located on Vancouver Island in British Columbia and has a population of around 1700 people. Few fluent speakers of Halkomelem remain, but some young Nanaimo people are working to learn their ancestral language again.

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Nanaimo Language Links

Nanaimo Language Tree:
    Theories about Nanaimo language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Halkomelem Language:
    Our resources about the Halkomelem language, including Nanaimo.

Nanaimo Culture and History Links

Snuneymuxw First Nation:
    Homepage of the Snyneymuxw Nation of British Columbia.
Nanaimo Tribe History:
    Article on the Nanaimo tribe from the Handbook of American Indians.
BC First Nations Maps:
    Tribal map showing Snuneymuxw and other indigenous lands on Vancouver Island.
Snuneymuxw First Nation:
    Wikipedia article on the Nanaimo Indians.
Four Directions: Nanaimo:
    Timeline and links about Nanaimo history.

Books for sale on the Nanaimo Indians

Two Houses Half-Buried in Sand:
    Fascinating book of oral history from the Snuneymuxw and other Coast Salish tribes of Vancouver Island.
Dictionary of Upriver Halkomelem:
    Halkomelem dictionary for sale online.

Links, References, and Additional Information

Nanaimo Tribe:
Nanaimo links page.



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