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Yavapai-Hualapai-Havasupai Indian Language (Pai, Walapai)

Three Native American tribes of Arizona--the Havasupai (or Supai), Hualapai (or Walapai), and Yavapai Indians--speak dialects of the same Yuman language, sometimes simply called Pai. The Yuman languages are considered by some linguists to be members of the larger Hokan language family. Though pronunciation is different in each of these three tribes, the people can understand each other when they speak. There are around 1000 Pai speakers in the three tribes combined; Havasupai language use is especially vigorous, with Havasupai being used in the tribe's elementary and high schools.





Pai Language
Pai language samples and resources.

Havasupai Culture and History
Information and links about the Havasupai tribe past and present.

Hualapai Culture and History
Information and links about the Hualapai tribe past and present.

Yavapai Culture and History
Information and links about the Yavapai tribe past and present.

Havasupai Legends
Introduction to the mythology of the Havasupai.

Hualapai Legends
Introduction to the mythology of the Hualapai.

Yavapai Legends
Introduction to the mythology of the Yavapai.



Pai Language Resources

Our Online Pai Language Materials

Pai Words
     Our list of vocabulary words in the Havasupai language.

Pai Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources

Havasupai Songs
     An interesting collection of Pai folk songs for sale, with additional Havasupai language information.
Walapai (Hualapai) Texts
     A Hualapai language book for sale.
American Indian Language Dictionaries:
    Pai and other Native American dictionaries and language materials for sale.

Pai Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

Yavapai Tribe Welcomes the Written Word
     Article on ongoing Yavapai language revitalization efforts.
What my Hualapai Language Means to Me
     Article on the cultural and spiritual importance of Hualapai language maintenance.
Ethnologue: Havasupai-Walapai-Yavapai:
     Demographic information about the Pai languages.
Walapai Language Tree * Havasupai Language Tree * Yavapai Language Tree:
    Yavape Language Tree * Kewevkapaya Language Tree:
    Theories about Pai language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Hualapai Language Structures * Yavapai Language Structures:
    Yavapai-Hualapai linguistic profiles and academic bibliographies.

Links, References, and Additional Information

Upland Yuman Language * Havasupai Language * Yavapai Language:
Encyclopedia articles on the Upland Yuman languages.
Lengua Havasupai-Walapai:
Information about the Pai language in Spanish.
Havasupais * Yavapais * Hualapais:
Pai links.
Havasupai Tribe * Yavapai Tribe * Hualapai Tribe:
Pai books.



Read more about the Yavapais, Havasupais, and Hualapais
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