Legendary Native American Figures: Paissa (Paisake)
Name: Paissa Tribal affiliation:Sac and Fox, Miami,
Potawatomi, Ottawa Alternate spellings: Payiihsa, Paisa, Paiasha, Apayaciha, Apayashiha, Apayaasa, Apayaashiiha, Piesiihia, Pa'is, Ba'is,
Pahiins, Pa'iins, Apa'iins, Pai'iins.
The Algonquian plural form of their name is Paisake, Paisaki, Payiihsaki, Paia'shiwuk, Pia-si-ki, Pa-i-sa-ke, Pa-i-sa-ki, Apaiyacihaq,
Apaiyacihug, Apayashihaki, or Piesiihiaki. Pronunciation: Differs depending on dialect: pah-yee-sah, pie-sah, or uh-puh-yah-shee-huh. Also known as: Little Creatures of Caprice, Wasimahetitcigi, Wasimetitcigi, Wasimahetitcig, Wäsimähetitcigi, Wäsimetitcigi,
Wäsīmähetītcigi, Wêsîmêhetîchiki, Wêsîmetîchiki, Tcatcagi-mehtusānenīhähagi, Ca-caki-mehtose:nenihe:haki Type:Native American little people, nature spirits Related figures in other tribes:Pukwudgies (Wampanoag), Mikumwes (Micmac), Mannegishi (Cree)
Paissa are magical little people of the forest in Central Algonquian folklore, similar to European gnomes or fairies.
Paissa are said to be about two feet tall, and their name literally means "little ones."
In most stories, Paissa are portrayed as mischievous but generally benign nature spirits, who may play
tricks on people but are not dangerous. In other stories, Paissa have more formidable magic powers and pose
a threat to humans or even to the culture hero Wisake,
but usually only if they are provoked. And in some Miami traditions, Paissa played a more important religious role as guides
to lead the spirits of the dead along the Milky Way to the afterlife.
In the Fox and Sauk tribes, the native names for the Little People also include the twin heroes
Lodge Boy and
Thrown Away. These heroes are also
little people, but are not really dwarves; rather they are magical children who never
grow up. In Sac and Fox folklore, the names "Paia'shiwuk" or "Apayashihaki" can be seen referring either to
the magical boys or to the forest dwarves. Longer Sac and Fox names such as
"Ca-caki-mehtose:nenihe:haki," literally "miniature mortal men," are sometimes used to refer to the dwarves to avoid ambiguity.
The Kickapoo, Miami, and Illini tribes also have twin heroes similar to Lodge Boy
and Thrown Away, but do not use the name Paissa (or any of its many variants) to describe them.
Recommended Books of Related Native American Legends
Excellent anthology of Native stories, songs, and oral history from the Fox, Miami, and other Algonquian tribes.
Traditional tales about little people from 14 different Native American tribes.