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Panamint (Koso, Timbisha Shoshone)

Panamint is a Uto-Aztecan language of California, closely related to Shoshone.
Only a few dozen elders still speak the Panamint language, but some young people are working to keep their ancestral language alive.

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˜Panamint Language Resources

Panamint Vocabulary
     Our list of vocabulary words in the Panamint language, with comparison to words in other Uto-Aztecan languages.
Timbisha Language
     Overview of the Timbisha (Panamint) language, with phonological and grammatical information.
House of Languages: Panamint:
    Information about Panamint language usage.
     Demographic information about Panamint from the Ethnologue of Languages.
*Survey of California Indian Languages: Panamint:
    Profile of the Panamint language from the University of California at Berkeley.
Panamint Language Tree:
    Theories about Panamint's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Tümpisa Shoshone Language Structures:
    Timbisha Shoshone linguistic profile and academic bibliography.
Tumpisa (Panamint Shoshone Grammar)
     Panamint language book for sale online.

Panamint Culture and History Links

Timbisha Shoshone Tribe
     Official homepage of the Timbisha Panamint tribe.
Prehistory and History of the Timbasha Shoshone
     Article on Panamint history and anthropology.
Panamint Indian Baskets:
    Panamint and other California Indian artwork for sale online. With many photographs.
Koso Tribe
     Overview and links from the Four Directions Institute.

Books for sale on the Panamints

Panamint Shoshone Basketry: An American Art Form
     Illustrated book of Panamint baskets for sale..

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Additional Resources, Links, and References

Lenguas Shoshone:
Information about the Shoshone and Panamint languages in Spanish.

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