American Indian language
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Tohono O'odham (Papago) and Akimel O'odham (Pima)
O'odham is a Uto-Aztecan language of the American Southwest.
It has two dialects, Tohono O'odham (also known as Papago) and Akimel O'odham (also known as Pima). Speakers of one of these dialects
can fairly easily understand each other, just as speakers of American and Australian English can. Taken together there are more than 10,000
speakers of the O'odham language, most in Arizona.
O'odham language samples and resources.
Tohono O'odham Culture and History
Information and links about the Tohono O'odham tribe past and present.
Akimel O'odham Culture and History
Information and links about the Akimel O'odham tribe past and present.
Pima Indians Fact Sheet
Our answers to common questions about the Pimas.
Papago Indians Fact Sheet
Our answers to common questions about the Papagos.
Introduction to O'odham mythology.
Our Online Akimel and Tohono O'odham Language Materials
Our list of vocabulary words in the Pima-Papago language, with comparison to words in other Uto-Aztecan languages.
O'odham Pronunciation Guide:
How to pronounce Pima and Papago words.
Tohono O'odham Animal Words:
Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Tohono O'odham (Papago) language.
Tohono O'odham Body Parts:
Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Pima-Papago language.
Tohono O'odham Colors:
Worksheet showing color words in the Pima-Papago language.
Worksheet showing how to count in Pima-Papago.
O'odham Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
Tohono O'odham/Pima Dictionary
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Pima-Papago dictionary for sale.
A Papago Grammar
Tohono O'odham grammar book for sale.
Earth Movements/Jewed 'I-Hoi When It Rains/Mat Hekid O Ju
Bilingual poetry collections from Tohono O'odham author Ofelia Zepeda.
Native American Dictionaries:
O'odham and other American Indian dictionaries and language materials for sale.
O'odham Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions
Tohono O'odham pronunciation guide.
Introduction to Tohono O'odham spelling and pronunciation.
Chart of Southwestern place names in Papago-Pima, Pima Bajo, and Seri.
Papago-Pima Prayers Pima Prayer:
Translations of the Lord's Prayer and other Christian prayers into the O'odham languages.
Bible Verses in Mexican Languages: Pima: Language Museum: Papago-Pima:
Bible passages in the Pima Indian language.
Ethnologue: Tohono O'odham:
Demographic information about the Papago Indian language.
Pima-Pápago Language Tree:
Theories about O'odham language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
O'odham Language Structures Nevome Language Structures:
O'odham linguistic profiles and academic bibliographies.
Piman Comparative Vocabulary:
Early 20th-century wordlists of Pima and Papago words.
Links, References, and Additional Information
Endangered Languages Project: O'odham:
Bibliography of O'odham language resources.
Encyclopedia articles on Pima-Papago.
Lengua Papago-Pima Idioma O'odham:
Information about the Pima-Papago language in Spanish.
Papago Pima Tohono O'odham Resources Tohono O'odham:
Pima and Papago links pages.
Pima Tribe: Papago Tribe:
Pima and Papago Indian books.
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