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Tohono O'odham (Papago) and Akimel O'odham (Pima)

O'odham is a Uto-Aztecan language of the American Southwest. It has two dialects, Tohono O'odham (also known as Papago) and Akimel O'odham (also known as Pima). Speakers of one of these dialects can fairly easily understand each other, just as speakers of American and Australian English can. Taken together there are more than 10,000 speakers of the O'odham language, most in Arizona.

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O'odham Language
O'odham language samples and resources.

Tohono O'odham Culture and History
Information and links about the Tohono O'odham tribe past and present.

Akimel O'odham Culture and History
Information and links about the Akimel O'odham tribe past and present.

Pima Indians Fact Sheet
Our answers to common questions about the Pimas.

Papago Indians Fact Sheet
Our answers to common questions about the Papagos.

O'odham Legends
Introduction to O'odham mythology.

O'odham Language Resources

Our Online Akimel and Tohono O'odham Language Materials

O'odham Vocabulary
     Our list of vocabulary words in the Pima-Papago language, with comparison to words in other Uto-Aztecan languages.
O'odham Pronunciation Guide:
    How to pronounce Pima and Papago words.
Tohono O'odham Animal Words:
     Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Tohono O'odham (Papago) language.
Tohono O'odham Body Parts:
     Online and printable worksheets showing parts of the body in the Pima-Papago language.
Tohono O'odham Colors:
     Worksheet showing color words in the Pima-Papago language.
O'odham Numbers:
    Worksheet showing how to count in Pima-Papago.

O'odham Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
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Tohono O'odham/Pima Dictionary
     Pima-Papago dictionary for sale.
A Papago Grammar
     Tohono O'odham grammar book for sale.
Earth Movements/Jewed 'I-Hoi * When It Rains/Mat Hekid O Ju
     Bilingual poetry collections from Tohono O'odham author Ofelia Zepeda.
Native American Dictionaries:
    O'odham and other American Indian dictionaries and language materials for sale.

O'odham Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

Papago Alphabet:
    Tohono O'odham pronunciation guide.
O'odham Orthography:
    Introduction to Tohono O'odham spelling and pronunciation.
Sonoran Placenames:
     Chart of Southwestern place names in Papago-Pima, Pima Bajo, and Seri.
Papago-Pima Prayers * Pima Prayer:
    Translations of the Lord's Prayer and other Christian prayers into the O'odham languages.
Bible Verses in Mexican Languages: Pima: * Language Museum: Papago-Pima:
    Bible passages in the Pima Indian language.
Ethnologue: Tohono O'odham:
    Demographic information about the Papago Indian language.
Pima-Pápago Language Tree:
    Theories about O'odham language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
O'odham Language Structures * Nevome Language Structures:
    O'odham linguistic profiles and academic bibliographies.
*Piman Comparative Vocabulary:
    Early 20th-century wordlists of Pima and Papago words.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

  Endangered Languages Project: O'odham:
Bibliography of O'odham language resources.
O'odham Language:
Encyclopedia articles on Pima-Papago.
Lengua Papago-Pima * Idioma O'odham:
Information about the Pima-Papago language in Spanish.
Papago * Pima * Tohono O'odham Resources * Tohono O'odham:
Pima and Papago links pages.
Pima Tribe: * Papago Tribe:
Pima and Papago Indian books.

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