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Pomo Indian Language (Yakaya, Yokaia, Shanel, K√°binapek, Gallinomero)

The Pomo languages are considered by some linguists to be part of the larger Hokan family of languages. There were once seven distinct Pomo languages, as different from one another as the Romance languages of Europe (French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, and so on.) Language loss in California has been especially severe, however--the legacy of the Gold Rush days, in which massacres and Indian slavery, while technically illegal, were not actively discouraged--and today the only Pomoan languages with more than a few elderly speakers are Kashaya and Central Pomo. Though the remaining native speakers of Central Pomo are also elders, there is an active language preservation movement and some young Pomos are working to learn their ancestral language before it disappears.

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Pomo Language
Pomo language samples and resources.

Pomo Culture and History
Information and links about the Pomo tribe past and present.

Pomo Indians Fact Sheet
Our answers to common questions about the lifestyle of Pomo Indian people.

Pomo Legends
Introduction to Pomo mythology.

Pomo Language Resources

Our Online Pomo Materials

Pomo Words
     Our list of vocabulary words in the Central and Eastern Pomo languages, with comparison to words in other Hokan languages.
Pomo Animal Words:
     Illustrated glossary of animal words in the Pomo language.

Pomo Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

Linguistic Families of Northern California * Pre-Contact California Tribal Territories:
    Maps showing where in California the Pomo language is spoken.
Eastern Pomo Orthography:
    Introduction to Pomo spelling and pronunciation.
Clear Lake Pomo * Lower Lake Pomo * Pomo Language Map * Pomo Indian Texts:
    Pomo Grammar * Pomo Syntax * Eastern Pomo Phonology * Southeastern Pomo Phonology:
    Scanned-in Pomo Indian language materials from the Rosetta Project.
California Indian Placenames:
     California place names in Pomo, Karuk, and Wintu.
Pomoan Languages * Northern Pomo * Southern Pomo * Eastern Pomo:
     Wikipedia articles on the Pomo languages.
Central Pomo * Eastern Pomo * Northeastern Pomo * Northern Pomo * Southern Pomo * Southeastern Pomo
     Demographic information about the Pomo languages from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Central Pomo * Eastern Pomo * Northeastern Pomo * Northern Pomo * Southeastern Pomo * Southern Pomo:
    Profiles of the Pomo languages from the Berkeley Survey of California Indian Languages.
Eastern Pomo Language Tree * Northeastern Pomo Language Tree * Southeastern Pomo Language Tree:
    Northern Pomo Language Tree * Central Pomo Language Tree * Southern Pomo Language Tree:
    Theories about Abenaki's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
North Pomo Language Structures * East Pomo Language Structures * Central Pomo Language Structures * Southeast Pomo Language Structures:
    Pomo linguistic profiles and academic bibliographies.
*Pomo Vocabulary:
    Early 20th-century wordlists from three dialects of Pomo.

Pomo Dictionaries, Audio Tapes and Language Resources
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A Guide to the Transcription Systems of the Pomo Languages
     Pomo linguistics book for sale.
American Indian Dictionaries:
    Pomo and other Native American dictionaries and language materials for sale.

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Links, References, and Additional Information

Eastern Pomo * Southern Pomo * Northern Pomo:
Encyclopedia articles on the Pomo Indian languages.
Lenguas Pomoan * Lenguas Pomoanas * Pomo Langue:
Pomo information in Spanish and French.
Pomo links pages.
Pomo Tribe:
Pomo Indian books.

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