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Popoluca (Popoloca)

Popoluca is a Mixe-Zoquean language of Mexico, spoken by more than 30,000 people in the state of Veracruz. Actually there are four Popoluca languages, which are not mutually intelligible: Sierra (Serrano) and Texistepec Popoluca are more closely related to Zoque, and Oluta and Sayula Popoluca are more closely related to Mixe. Texistepec and Oluta are seriously endangered languages with primarily elderly speakers remaining, but Sayula and Sierra Populuca are still being learned by children in Veracruz today.

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Popoluca Language Resources

Map of Mexican Tribes * Meso-American Native Languages
     Map showing the areas in Mexico where the Popoluca language is spoken.
Oluta Popoluca * Sayula Popoluca * Sierra Popoluca * Texistepec Popoluca
     Our lists of vocabulary words in Popoluca languages, with comparison to words in other Mixe-Zoque languages.
Popoluca de Sayula
     Vocabulary and grammatical notes on Sayula Popoluca. Page in Spanish.
Popoluca Oluta Orthography * Popoluca Sayula Orthography * Popoluca Oluta Phonology * Popoluca Sayula Grammar * Popoluca Oluta Grammar
    Popoluca Indian Map:
    Scanned-in Popoluca language materials from the Rosetta Project.
Popoluca Placenames
     Chart of indigenous Popoluca and Zoque place names in Mexico.
A comparison of person markers in Sayula and Oluta Popoluca
     Linguistics article about Popoluca verb forms.
Highland Popoluca * Sayula Popoluca * Texistepec Popoluca * Oluta Popoluca
     Demographic information about the Popoluca languages from the Ethnologue of Languages.
Soteapaneko Language Tree * Teksistepekenyo Language Tree * Sayulteco Language Tree * Oluteko Language Tree:
    Theories about Popoluca's language relationships compiled by Linguist List.
Sierra Popoluca Language Structures * Sayultec Language Structures * Olutec Language Structures:
    Popoluca linguistic profiles and academic bibliographies.
    Popoluca history and culture.
Sayula Popoluca Texts
     Book of Popoluca traditional stories for sale online, in Popoluca with English translation. (Amazon affiliate link)
Sierra Popoluca Prayers:
    Translations of the Lord's Prayer into the Popoluca language.

Additional Resources, Links, and References

Texistepec * Oluta Popoluca: * Sayula Popoluca: * Sierra Popoluca:
Bibliography of Popoluca language resources from the Endangered Languages Project.
Lengua Oluteko * Lengua Sayulteko * Popoluca Serrano * Popoluca de Texistepec
Articles on the Popoluca languages in Spanish.

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