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Native Languages of the Americas:
Nanaboozhoo Stories and other Potawatomi Legends

This is our collection of links to Potawatomi folktales and traditional stories that can be read online. We have indexed our American Indian legends section by tribe to make them easier to locate; however, variants on the same legend are often told by American Indians from different tribes, especially if those tribes are kinfolk or neighbors to each other, so you may also want to visit our page comparing the stories from the Anishinaabe tribes (which include the Chippewa, Ottawa, Algonquin, and Potawatomi Indians), since the mythology of those tribes are very similar.

Enjoy the stories! If you would like to recommend a Potawatomi legend for this page or think one of the ones on here should be removed, please contact us and let us know.

Important Potawatomi Mythological Figures

Click on each character's name for more detailed information about his or her role in Potawatomi mythology.

Nanabozho or Wiske (also spelled Nanaboozhoo, Nanaboojoo, Nanabush, Wisake, and several other ways.) Nanaboozhoo is the benevolent culture hero of Anishinabe and Potawatomi myth (sometimes referred to as a "transformer" by folklorists.) It is pronounced similar to nah-nah-boh-zhoh in Potawatomi. In some Potawatomi communities the name "Wiske" is used for the same character. Nanaboozhoo shares some similarities with other Algonquian heroes such as the Wabanaki Gluscabe, Blackfoot Napi, and Cree Wesakechak, and many of the same stories are told in different Algonquian tribes with only the identity of the protagonist differing.

Kche Mnedo: This means "Great Spirit" in the Potawatomi language, and is the Potawatomi name for the Creator (God.) Kche Mnedo is a divine spirit with no human form or attributes (including gender) and is never personified in traditional Potawatomi stories. In more recent times, influenced by Christianity and by the stories told by other tribes of Oklahoma, Kche Mnedo is sometimes represented by Potawatomi storytellers as male and/or having human form. The name is pronounced similar to kih-cheh muh-nih-doh in Potawatomi.

Nokmes: Nanaboozhoo's wise old grandmother, who raised him. Pronounced noke-muss.

Chibiabos: Nanaboozhoo's brother, who was killed by evil water spirits and became the ruler of the land of the dead. His name is pronounced similar to chee-bee-ah-boose.

Windigo: An evil man-eating spirit of Potawatomi and Anishinabe legend. Windigos play the roles of monsters and bogeymen in some legends; in others, Potawatomi people who commit sins (especially selfishness, gluttony, or cannibalism) are turned into a Windigo as punishment. It is pronounced ween-dih-goh.

Deer Woman: A deer spirit of the Potawatomi and other eastern Woodlands tribes, associated with fertility and love. Like many Native American animal spirits, Deer Woman is sometimes depicted in animal form, other times in human form, and sometimes as a mixture between the two. Although Deer Woman was usually considered a benign spirit who might help women conceive children, some stories portray her as a more dangerous being who might seduce men, especially adulterous or promiscuous men, and either lead them to their deaths or leave them to pine away from lovesickness. Among contemporary Native American people of Oklahoma, Deer Woman often plays a "bogeyman" sort of role, said to trample to death incautious young people.

Underwater Panther (in Potawatomi, Nambi-Za, Nampe'shiu, Nampeshi'kw, Nambzhew and other ways): A powerful mythological creature something like a cross between a cougar and a dragon. It is a dangerous monster, both respected and feared, which lives in deep water and causes men and women to drown. Its Potawatomi name is pronounced nahm-bee-zhah.

Cigwe' (also spelled Chequah and other ways): Thunderbird, a giant mythological bird common to the northern and western tribes. Thunder is caused by the beating of their immense wings. Although thunderbirds are very powerful beings, they rarely bother humans, and were treated with reverence by Potawatomi people. Their name is pronounced similar to chee-gweah (rhymes with "yeah.")

Mnito (also spelled Mneto or Mji-Mnito): A fearsome horned serpent that lurks in lakes and rivers and eats people. The only thing they fear is thunder, for the Thunderbirds are their sworn enemies and have the ability to strike them dead with thunderbolts.

Pa'is (also spelled Ba'is and other ways): Magical little people of the forest, similar to European gnomes or fairies. In most Potawatomi Indian stories, the Little People are portrayed as mischievous but generally friendly nature spirits, who may play tricks on people but are not dangerous.

Mermen (in Potawatomi, Nibinabe, Nigaunabe, Nikanabe', and other ways): Small water-spirits. They are sometimes described as being shaped like European mermaids, with human torsos and fish tails. Other times they are described as looking like a small underwater person.

Potawatomi Folklore

*Potawatomi Oral Tradition:
    Online collection of Potawatomi legends and stories.
*Nanaboozhoo:
    Article on the Anishinabe/Potawatomi culture hero.
*Nanaboozhoo and the Creation of the World:
    Origin stories of the Chippewa and Potawatomi tribes.
*How the Ojibwe, Potawatomi, and Ottawa Became One People * A Potawatomi Story:
    Potawatomi legend of how the Potawatomi, Ojibwe, and Ottawa people came to be allies.
*Indian Superstitions and Legends:
    Collection of myths and legends by 19th-century Potawatomi author Simon Pokagon.
*Legend of the Potawatomi Indians * Creation of the World:
    Old texts telling Potawatomi stories about the beginning of the world.
*How Muskrat Created The World:
    Legends about Muskrat from the Blackfoot, Ojibway, Mohawk, and Potawatomi tribes.
*Thunder Mountain:
    Potawatomi story about a battle between a thunderbird and a horned serpent.
*Origin of the Trailing Arbutus:
    Legend of the Ottawa/Potawatomi tribal flower.

Recommended Books on Potawatomi Myth

Algonquian Spirit:
    Excellent anthology of stories, songs, and oral history from the Potawatomi and other Algonquian tribes.

Additional Resources

 Books of Native American legends
 Native American religions
 Potawatomi religion and medicine lodge
 Potawatomi words
 Anishinaabe traditional beliefs
 Indian tribes of Michigan
 Northeast Indian tribes
 Algonkian people
 Potawatomi culture
 Native Americans tribes



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