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Vocabulary in Native American Languages: Quechua (Inca) Words

Welcome to our Quechua vocabulary page! Quechua is an Andean language of South America, considered by some to be a distant relative of Aymara. We have included twenty basic Quechua words here, enough to provide a simple comparison with related American Indian languages. All the nouns are singular and all the verbs are 3rd person singular ("he or she sings") because many indigenous languages don't have a separate infinitive ("to sing") the way English and French do.

You can find a broader selection of Quechua Indian words in our online picture glossaries. If you would like to know a word that is not included in any of these wordlists, you can take part in our translation of Native American languages fundraiser or visit our main Quechua language site for more free resources.

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Quechua Word Set

English (Français) Cuzco Quechua words Ecuadorian Quichua words Huanca Quechua words
One (Un) Hoq Shuc Huk
Two (Deux) Iskay Ishcai Ishkay
Three (Trois) Kinsa Quimsa Kimsa
Four (Quatre) Tawa Chuscu Tawa
Five (Cinq) Phisqa Pichca Pichqa
Man (Homme) Qari Cari Nuna
Woman (Femme) Warmi Huarmi Warmi
Dog (Chien) Allqu Allcu Allqu
Sun (Soleil) Intiq Inti Inti
Moon (Lune) Killa Quilla Killa
Water (Eau) Yaku Yacu Yaku
White (Blanc) Yuraq Yurag Yulaq
Yellow (Jaune) Q'ellu Quillu Tunqush
Red (Rouge) Puka Puca Puka
Black (Noir) Yana Yana Yana
Eat (Manger) Mikhuy Micuna Mikuy
Hear (Entendre) Uyay Uyana Uyaliy
Sing (Chanter) Takiy Taquina Takiy

Quechua Picture Dictionaries

Here are some themed Quechua word lists we have put together and illustrated for language learners. Feel free to print them out for classroom purposes!

*Quechua animal words
*Quechua color words

Additional Resources

   Languages of Peru
   Indian myth
   Native American names



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