American Indian Art --> American Indian Rugs
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The best-known native textile art in North America is the weaving of Navajo
Indian blankets and rugs. These impressive (and expensive) rugs are still
made in a style that was traditional in Mexico and the southwest United States long before the arrival of Europeans: kneeling before a
vertical wooden-frame loom and using a shuttle to weave colored threads together into large-scale geometric designs. Originally Navajo and other
Southwest Indian blankets were made of hand-spun cotton thread, but after the Spanish brought domestic sheep to the region the people primarily
switched to wool. Though Navajo rugs are the most famous weavings in North America, they are certainly not the only one. Finger-weaving has been
important throughout the continent since ancient times, and finger-woven blankets, tapestries, and clothing are still made in many tribes. The chilkat
blankets of Tlingit people are one of the finest examples of finger-woven Indian
blankets. Seminole sashes and patchwork are another important
Indian textile art. A more recent tradition is star quilts or blankets, which originated among the Sioux
tribes (Lakota, Dakota, and Nakoda/Assiniboine)
and spread throughout the Great Plains. Quilting was one of many crafting techniques that Native Americans borrowed from European traditions and
adapted into something unique to their culture. Star quilts are made by piecing a mosaic of cloth diamonds into the shape of the traditional eight-pointed
morning star design of the Sioux. Before the evolution of star quilts, traditional Plains Indian blankets were made from painted, quilled and beaded buffalo
hide. When the buffalo herds were exterminated this craft largely died out, but some Plains tribe artists still make buffalo robes and blankets today
from the hides of animals raised in captivity.
If you are looking to buy rugs, quilts, or blankets that were actually made by Native Americans--either because it's important to you to have the real thing or because you want to support native people with your purchase--then here is our list of American Indian artists whose rugs and textiles are available online. If you have a website of Native American weaving or quilting to add to this list, let us know. We gladly advertise any individual native artist or native-owned art store here free of charge, provided that all rugs were made by tribally recognized American Indian, Inuit, or First Nations artists.
D.Y. Begay's Navajo Weaving Studio|
American Indian rugs by the award-winning weaver and several other Navajo artists.
Anita's Navajo Rugs|
Contemporary Native American rugs by Navajo weaver Anita Hathale. Be sure to click on the small photos for a better picture of the rugs--some of the thumbnails are really distorted, but the rugs themselves look good!
Navajo Rugs by Marilou Schultz|
Rugs and blankets in the different Navajo styles and also original designs drawing on them, such as the innovative rug in this picture. The artist works only by commission, so email her if you're interested in her weaving.
Agard Family Quilts|
Star quilts are a Sioux tradition, and this Standing Rock Lakota family has been making gorgeous ones for 70 years.
Polly's Star Quilts|
This Hidatsa-Arikara woman also makes nice Native American star quilts.
This Tlingit woman has made painstaking reproductions of old Chilkat blankets by weaving cedar bark, merino wool and yarn in the traditional way. She does work on commission, but bear in mind that she weaves by hand and the blanket to the left took her two years to make.
This Northwest Coast Indian store makes rectangular cotton-weave blankets using traditional Chilkat blanket designs.
Blanket of Knowledge|
This Native Alaskan organization sells rectangular Pendleton blankets printed with Chilkat blanket designs.
Buffalo Hide Blankets|
Buffalo hides tanned, painted, and beaded in traditional Arapaho and Shoshone styles. The artists also make similar blankets from less expensive elk and deer skins.
Traditional finger-woven sashes for sale from a Metis artists' cooperative.
|One Hundred Years of Navajo Rugs||Navajo Rugs: The Essential Guide||Blanket Weaving in the Southwest|
|An art history of modern Navajo Indian weaving.||Collectors' guide includes information on identifying, valuing and caring for Navajo blankets and rugs.||Southwestern American Indian textile history and photographs.|
|A Manual of Fingerweaving||The Chilkat Dancing Blanket||Shota and the Star Quilt|
|History of Native American finger-weaving, old photographs, and diagrams and instructions for young weavers.||History and tradition of Chilkat Indian blankets, with photographs.||Lovely children's story about a Sioux community and their star quilt, written in English and Lakota.|
About us: This website belongs to Native Languages of the Americas, a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving and promoting endangered Native American languages. We are not artists ourselves, so if you are interested in buying some of the native rugs featured on this page, please contact the artists directly. Though we have featured only Indian blankets and rugs identified with the name and tribal affiliation of each artist, we haven't called the tribal offices to check up on any of them, and we only know a few of them personally. We also don't guarantee any of their products. This is not an exhaustive list of Native American weaving arts--if you would like us to add your rugs or quilts to this page, please contact us with your URL and tribal affiliation. We advertise any individual native artist or native-owned art business here free of charge. We do not link to rugs which are not made by tribally recognized American Indian, Inuit, or First Nations artists, so please do not ask us to. And finally, websites do occasionally expire and change hands, so use your common sense and this general rule of thumb: if the creator of each individual artwork is not identified by name and specific tribe, you are probably not looking at an authentic American Indian rug.
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